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Brain Functions

study up on the brain!

QuestionAnswer
Thalamus the brain's sensory switchboard, it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
Hippocampus A neural center that helps process explicit memories for storage
Corpus Callosum The large band of neural fibers, connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them
Reticular Formation A nerve network in the brain stem that plays an important role in controlling arousal
Cerebellum Its functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance
Wernicke's Area Controls language reception, involved in language comprehension and expression
Frontal Lobe Involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgements
Parietal Lobe Recieves sensory input for touch and body position
Occipital Lobe Recieves and processes visual information from the opposite visual field
Temporal Lobe Recieves auditory information primarily from the opposite ear
Sensory Cortex Registers and processes body touch and movment sensations
Motor Cortex Controls voluntary movements
Hypothalamus A neural structure that directs eating, drinking, body temperature
Amygdala Linked to emotions
Brain Stem It is responsible for automatic survival functions
Medulla Controls heartbeat and breathing
Cerebral Cortex The body's control and information processing center
Brocoa's Area Controls language expression, it directs the muscle movemnts involved in speech
Right Hemisphere Controls left side motor functions
Left Hemisphere Controls right side motor functions
Visual Cortex Area in which the occipital lobe is located
Hearing Cortex Area in which the temporal lobe is located
Cerebrum The largest part of the forebrain
Midbrain A small structure that lies between the hindbrain and forebrain. It relays information from the eyes,ears and skin an controls certain types of automatic behaviors in response
Striatum A structure within the forebrain that is involved in the smooth initiation of movement
Locus coeruleus A small nucleus in the brainstem that contains most of the cell bodies of neurons that use norepinephrine in the brain
Spinal Cord The part of the central nervous system, recieves signals from peripheral sense and relays them to the brain
Forebrain The most highly developed part of brain; it is responsible for the most complex aspects of behavior and mental life
Hindbrain An extension of the spinal cord, contained inside the skull
Somatosensory system A sense that is spread throughout the body, no located in a specific organ
Created by: Drai