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DAW Lecture 8

Pro Tools 9: Mixing 1 (Lecture 8)

Nudging MIDI data up or down CNTRL + +/- (numeric0
What does DAE stand for? Digidesign Audio Engine
What does TDM stand for? Time Division Multiplexing
DAE Digidesign’s real-time “operating system” that provides the core functionality required by Pro Tools and other Digidesign products:  Hard disk recording  Digital signal processing  Mix automation  MIDI
TDM A technology that employs a networked bus of DSP chips that supply the processing power for Pro Tools TDM systems - Allows multiple audio signals to be routed simultaneously through a single data pathway - Pioneered by the telephone industry!
Inserts - Inserts are processed in order (A-J) - Hardware insert – redirects signal to external device  Must return to same-numbered input as output (Output 4  device  Input 4)  Affected by system latency - Software insert = Pl
How many Inserts and Sends are available in Pro Tools 9? 10 Sends, 10 Inserts
Are inserts pre or post fader? Inserts are pre-fader Except on Master Fader
Inserts redirect signal to a ________ or ______. Redirects signal to a plug-in or I/O. The entire signal is affected.
Sends Routes a copy of signal to Output or Bus. - Similar to an Aux send on analog mixing consoles. - Just to the right of inserts on Edit Windo
What happens if a send is pre fader? A copy of the audio is sent before being affected by the track fader or pan
What happens if a send is post fader? A copy of the audio is sent after passing through the track fader. Still not affected by track pan
3 types of Sends? Follow Main Pan (FMP) – Send’s pan is linked to track’s pan when enabled - Only available on Send Output window Hardware Send - copies signal directly to interface - not affected by system latency - Used for cue mixes. Software send – copies signal t
How to switch between send types? CMD click
Bus - An internal audio pathway - Can have multiple sources  Used to combine audio signals  Source can be Track Output or Send - Can have multiple destinations  Used to distribute audio signals  Destination can be Track Input or Key Input
How many busses does version 9 and 10 have? 256 busses
Plug Ins - An application within an application - Extends capabilities of host - Created on Insert - Used for effects (gate, delay, etc.) - Used for virtual instruments (soft synths)
Track Format vs. Output Format Track Format: number of channels on a track that are being used, number of channels a track can play Output Format: the number of paths the track is playing out
Track Format - The number of audiochannels a track can play  Mono  Stereo  Multichannel (3-8 ch.; TDM only) - Also the number of voices used by an audio track - Set when track is created - Cannot be changed - Number of meters = track format
Output Format - The number of output paths used by a track  Mono  Stereo  Multichannel (3-8 ch.; TDM only) - Has no effect on voice usage - Can be changed at any time
What are the three track types that handle audio? - Audio Track (96): Allows the recording and playback of audio files and regions - Aux Input (120): Allows control and processing of audio signals, contains no audio data - Master Fader: Controls the level of a chosen output or bus.
0 dB vU -18 dB FS
Mix Window Order of elements in channel strip does not effect actual signal flow _____ _____ View Selector: Show/hide optional elements = Right Click
Output Window Dedicated floating mix window for tracks and sends - Subset of channel strip - Available from Edit or Mix
Standard Routing: Dynamics Processing Placed directly on the track’s insert and affects 100% of the track’s signal. Timbral effects (EQ, distortion, etc.) are ordinarily treated the same way
Standard Routing: Time-Based Processing A copy of the signal is sent to an Aux Input w/ this type of processing on the Aux Input’s Insert. Audio Track(s) = Dry Aux Input = Wet (Effect 100% Wet) Solo Safe Aux Input Doesn’t mute when other tracks are soloed Command+Click on Solo button
Standard Routing: Cue Mix A copy of the signal is sent to an output  Output feeds the ____ box.  Ordinarily uses Pre-Fader Send
Plug Ins: Bypass Can also CMD+click on Insert to toggle status
Plug Ins: Target Button Allows multiple plug-in windows to be viewed at once
Plug Ins: Librarian Menu Recall plug-in settings (presets)
Plug Ins: Settings Menu Manage plug-in settings
Plug Ins: Compare button Toggles between saved settings and current changes
3 Methods of Manually adding Plug In Parameter Playlists 1. CNTRL+CMND+OPT+Click on plug-in control to enable parameter for automation 2. Click on Auto button in plug-in window and add parameters from plug-in automation dialog window 3. Plug-in controls default to auto-enabled Setup>Preferences>Mixing
Primary Automation Modes Selected on a track-by-track basis 1. Off 2. Read – only plays back 3. Write – overwrites any previous data
Automation Enable Window 1. Windows Menu 2. Write-enable parameters
Automation procedure 1. Enable parameter(s) 2. Put track in Write mode 3. Play 4. Change parameters 5. Stop
Automation playlists Each mix parameter has its own ______. Parameters can be edited & drawn.
Graphic editing Edit automation playlists like audio: - Tools - Modes - Functions
Created by: la.maricha