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RT Pharmacology

Clinical Drug Review List-Judy 08/11

QuestionAnswer
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Ananlgesic; anti-pyretic
Acetazolamide (Diamox) Diuretic; Tx of metabolic alkalosis
Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) Mucolytic; must use with broncholdilator
Acyclovir (Zovirax) Anti-viral
Adenosine (Adenocard) Tx for SVT
Albuterol (Proventil; Ventolin) Bronchodilator; sympathomimetic
Albuterol & Atrovent (Combivent; DuoNeb) Combination brochodilator
Alprazolam (Xanax) Mild tranquilizer
Aminophylline Xanthine (IV); improves expiratory flows
Amiodarone (Cordarone) Anti-arrhythmic; V-Tach
Amitriptyline (Cordarone) Anti-depressant (tricyclic)
Amphotericin B (Fungizone) Anti-fungal
Amrinone (Inocor) Increases CO; decreases PVR
Aprotinin (Trasylol) Aids in blood clotting for post-op patients
Aspirin (ASA) Analgesic; anti-platelet
Atracurium (Tracrium) NMBA; induces paralysis
Atropine Tx of bradycardia (anti-cholinergic)
Azithromycin (Zithromax) Antibiotic
Bactrim (TMP-SMX) Antibiotic
Beclomethasone (Beclovent; Vanceril; QVAR) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Benazril (Lotensin) Tx for hypertensive (ACE inhibitor)
Bitolterol (Tornalate) Brochodilator (sympathomimetic)
Budesonide (Pulmicort) Anti-inflammatroy (inhaled)
Bumetanide (Bumex) Diuretic
Calcium Electrolyte-Needed for maintaining: muscle and nerve function; permeability of cell membranes and capillaries. Also an antidote for magnesium toxicity.
Cefazolin (Ancef) Antibiotic; surgical prophyklaxis
Ceftriaxone (Rocephrin) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Cephalexin (Keflex) Antibiotic
Chloral Hydrate Hypnotic sedative for neonates and peds
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) Minor tranquilzer
Chlorothiazide (Diuril) Diuretic; Tx for hypertension
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) Anti-psychotic; Tx for hiccups
Cimetidine (Tagament) Prophylaxis for stress ulcers
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Antibiotic
Cisatracurium (Nimbex) NMBA; paralytic
Clindamycin Antibiotic
Clopidogrel (Plavix) Anti-platelet
Codeine Narcotic analgesic
Cromolyn Sodium (Intal) Mediator agoinist; blocks histamine release
Dexamethasone (Decadron) Anti-inflammatory
Dexmedetomide (Precedex) Hypnotic sedative used in mechanical ventilation
Diazepam (Valium) Anti-anxiety; anti-convulsant
Digitalis (Digoxin, Lanoxin) Cardiac inotrope w/neg chronotropic effects
Diltiazem (Cardizem) Decreases B/P-Ca+ channel blocker; anti-anginal
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Anti-histamine
Dobutamine (Dobutrex) Increases CO
Dopamine (Inotropin) Increases B/P; renal dose increases kidney perfusion
Dornase Alfa (Pulmonzyme) Mucolytic for CF patients
Edrophonium (Tensolin) Dx drug for myasthenia gravis; reverses paralytics
Enalapril (Vasotec) Tx of hypertension
Enoxaparin (Lovenox) Anti-coagulant
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Alpha & Beta properties
Erythromycin Antibiotic (bacteriostatic)
Esmolol (Brevivloc) Tx of tachycardia and hypertension
Ethacrynic Acid (Enercrin) Diuretic
Etomidate Quick-acting sedative w/o hypotension
Famotidine (Pepcid) Inhibition of gastric acid secretion
Fenoldapam (Cloropam) Rapid vasodilator for severe hypertension; renal dose for kidney perfusion
Fentanyl (Sublimaze) Narcotic analgesic
Fluconazole (Diflucan) Anti-fungal
Flunisolide (Aerobid) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Fluoxetine (Prozac) Anti-depressant (inhaled)
Fluticasone (Flovent) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Formoterol (Foradil) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Furosemide (Lasix) Diuretic
Gentamicin Antibiotic
Glycopyrulate (Robinul) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholenergic)
Haloperidol (Haldol) Anti-psychotic
Heparin Anti-coagulant
Hydralazine (Apresoline) Vasodilator
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) Opiod analgesic
Ibuprofen (Motrin) Analgesic
Indomethacin (Indocin) Tx for PDA
Insulin Tx of diabetes & diabetic acidosis
Ipatropium Bromide (Atrovent) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholenergic)
Isoetharine (Bronkosol) Bronchodilator (sympathometic)
Isonoazid (INH) Anti-tuberculin
Isoproterenol (Isprel) Tx for cardiac standstill (adrenergic)
Ketamine Anesthetic/analgesic (non-barbiturate)
Laetalol (Normodyne) Alpha & Beta antagonist; decreases B/P
Levalbuterol (Xopenex) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Levofloxacin (Levaquin) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Lidocaine (Xylocaine HCL) Anti-arrhythmic; PVC & V-Tach
Lithium Anti-psychotic
Lorazepam (Ativan) Tranquilizer
Magnesium Sulfate Blocks ACh; prevents contraction; Ca+ channel blocker
Mannitol Osmotic diuretic; decreases ICP
Merperidine (Demerol) Narcotic analgesic
Metaproterenol (Alupent) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Methohexital (Brevital) Barbiturate anesthetic
Methylprednisolone (Solumedrol) IV Corticosteroid
Metoprolol (Lorpressor) Tx of hypertension
Midazolam (Versed) Sedative
Milrinone (Primacor) Increases CO
Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate (Nasonex) Corticosteroid (intranasal)
Montelukast (Singular) Leukotriene modifier
Morphine (MSO4) Narcotic analgesic
Nalbuphine (Nubian) Narcotic analgesic
Naloxone (Narcan) Narcotic antagonist; respiratory stimulant
Nedocromil Sodium (Tilade) Mediator antagonist
Nestride (Natrecor) Tx of CHF exacerbation
Nifedipine (Procardia) Ca+ channel blocker; decreases B/P
Nitroglycerin (NTG) Vasodilator; increases coronary artery perfusion
Nitroprusside (Nipride) Vasodilator; decreases B/P
Norepinephrine (Levophed) Tx of septic shock; potent vasopressor
Oxycodone Opoid analgesic
Pancuronium (Pavulon) NMBA; induces paralysis
Pentamidine (Nebupent) Tx for pCP
Pentothal Barbituarate anesthetic
Phenobarbital Seizures; status epililepticus
Phenylephrine (Neosynephrine) Vasoconstrictor; increases B/P
Phenytoin (Dilantin) Anti-convulsant
Pirbuterol (Maxair) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Potassium Chloride Electrolyte needed for cardiac and other muscle function
Prednisone Corticosteroid (p.o.)
Procainamide (Pronestyl) Anti-arrhythmic; A-Fib & A-Flutter
Promethazine (Phenegran) Anti-nausea
Propofol (Diprivan) hypnotic sedative
Propanolol (Inderal) Beta blocker-inhibits sympathetic responses
Prostaglandin E (Alprostadil) Maintains patentcy of PDA
Protamine Heparin antagonist
Pyrazinamide Anti-tuberculin
Racemic Epinephrine sympathomimetic for upper airways
Ramipril (Altace) Tx for hypertension-ACE inhibitor
Ranitidine (Zantac) Tx for duodenal ulcers
Ribavirin (Virazole) Antil-viral for RSV (aerosolized)
Rifampin Anti-tuberculin
Rocuronium (Zenuron) NMBA
Salmeterol (Serevent) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Salmeterol & Fluticasone (Advair) Bronchodilator & corticosteroid combo inhaler
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Diuretic-K+ sparing
Sodium Bicarbonate Tx for metabolic acidosis; mucolytic
Streptokinase (Steptase) Thrombolytic
Streptomycin Antibiotic use to Tx TB (aminoglycoside)
Succinylcholine (Anectine) Depolarizing NMBA; induces short-term paralysis
Terbutaline (Brethine) Bronchodilator; relaxes uterine muscles
Tetracycline Antibiotic (bacteriostatic)
Theophylline (Theo-Dur) Xanthine (p.o.); increases expiratory flow
Tiotropium Bromide (Spirivia) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholinergic)
Tobramycin (TOBI) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Tolazoline (priscoline) Tx for PPHN; vasodilator
TPA (Alteplase, Activase, Reteplase) Tissue Plasminogen Activator; thrombolytic for cardiac patients
Triamcinalone (Azmacort) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Turbocurarune (Curare) NMBA
Urokinase Thrombolytic
Valacyclovir (Valtrex) Anti-viral
Vancomycin Antibiotic for staph. infections
Vasopressin (Pitressin) Pulsless V-Tach, V-Fib
Vercuronium (Nurcuron) NMBA; induces paralysis
Verapamil (Calan) Anti-arrhythmic; SVT
Warfarin (Coumadin) Anti-coagulant
Zafirlukast (Accolate) Leukotrine modifier (p.o.)
Zanamivir (Relenza) Anti-viral Tx for adult influenze
Zileuton (Zyflo) Leukotrine modifier (p.o.)
Created by: JimStry