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MUS 106 final exam

music and migration (1) Music travels easily w/ migrating communities bc it is portable and can be transmitted orally
music and migration (2) Some musical styles are maintained when groups migrate; others transformed or discarded
music and migration (3) Music making can embody and reenact the migration process as well as commemorate the homeland left behind -Ex. China/US and Uncle NG
music and memory (1) Transmit memories of people, places and events
music and memory (2) Commemorates people and events
music and memory (3) Reconciles past with present -Ex. Orange Blossom Special
music, mobility, and global marketplace (1) Music helps sustain and enhance travel and tourism
music, mobility, and global marketplace (2) New technologies and performance venues give rise to new musical vocab and hybrid musical styles
music, mobility, and global marketplace (3) Economic and political forces shape the transmission of music -Ex. Silk Road (African/Asian trade route)
music and dance (1) Dance transforms a basic rhythm into a distinctive set of physical movements
music and dance (2) Dance invites anyone to participate
music and dance (3) Dance accommodates a wide variety of meanings, from recreational to political
music and dance (4) Dance illustrates different views of gender and sexuality in diff societies -Ex. Argentinan Tango, Czech Polka
music and ritual (1) shapes and orders the rituals that celebrate belief
music and ritual (2) enact and convey ritual’s symbolic power and meaning
music and ritual (3) empower the participants Ex. Greek Orthodox service; Buddhist chant
music and politics (1) Music frequently used for symbolic communication in political contexts
music and politics (2) music can covey official ideologies, as in national anthems
music and politics (3) Music can convey what cannot be spoken publicly, giving voice to political resistance -Ex. Kathy Mattea; “I love mountains”; coal mining and mountaintop removal
music and identity (1) Music can signify many aspects of identity, including nationality, place, ethnicity, race, class, religion, and gender
music and identity (2) constructs identities of individuals and groups
music and identity (3) Text, melody, vocal style, instrumentation, and body motion contribute to the performance of identity -Ex. Cajun/Zydeco Music; Ghanian music festival in Chicago
Bendu Jabati served as the connection between Gullah Tribe and Sierra Leone; from Sierra Leone and was the woman who knew the song that was passed from Sierra Leone to Gullah
Queen Ida Guillory -brother performed in band; came out as singer later in life -originally pop because she played accordion and women usually only play piano or violin -late 70’s started cookbooks named after albums
Paul Robeson "Nobody Knows the Trouble I’ve Seen” -classically trained voice -civil rights activist
Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter “Nobody Knows the Trouble I’ve Seen” -Blues singer; talented musician; jailed for murder -songster = sang lots of different genres of music -informal, rought, loose
Ari Sandel director and co-writer of West Bank Story; won 2007 Oscar for Best Short film
Pete Seeger folk singer, icon in the mid-20th century folk music revival - “This Land is Your Land”
Kathy Mattea environmental activist/performer West Virginia Mountains, against “Mountaintop Removal”
Jon Falcon -first recorded Cajun song “Allons a Lafayette” with wife Cleoma -accordion player -covered Fats Waller's music in Cajun style “LuLu’s Back in Town”
Mary Moran great-great granddaughter of the woman who first recorded the Gullah Song (Amelia Dawley)
Paul Simon wrote and first performed contrafacta of Bach’s Chorale and put words to it called “American Tune” (covered by Willie Nelson)
Cynthia Schmidt ethnomusicologist involved in researching the Gullah/Sierra Leone relationship
ud plucked stringed instrument (chordophone) used in Arab/Middle Eastern music world; Developed into the lute
qanun trapezoidal chordophone with 26 courses (sets) of 3 strings each - heterophonic texture
guqin 7-stringed Chinese chordophone, sliding technique (Jiawen's presentation)
“Amazing Grace” at a funeral *music as memory *aunts funeral *song evokes emotion/memory
“Autumn Leaves” at home music at home on piano reminds of dad
“Orange Blossom Special” on the fiddle music passed down from generations auditorally
Music at a football game importance of Southern band tradition during fottball games; often more important than the game itself
“Down By the Riverside” at the gospel celebration How Sweet the Sound *importance of Gospel to culture *songs evoke emotions
The Non-Silicon Radio Show (Hip-Life) *modernizing traditional languages with rap *remembrance of home
Backstage at the Youth Symphony *connecting to orchestra although she couldn’t play it *behind the scenes
Music and Migration b/n China and the U.S Uncle Ng; America not leading up to expectations “the Golden Mountain”
Steel band and the sounds of the U.S. Virgin Islands steel band reminds her of home
Nursery Rhymes music paired with education
Wicked at the Gershwin/Wicked at the Fox differences between the same show in different places
The sound of djent clear melodies and notes but simultaneous different rhythms
the ASO *not having to choose between sports and music *connections between them
Music and memory: “Red Star Morning Lilies” *written during Communist China *did not know history of piece but really enjoyed it
The Eduardo Tami Trio: a tango concert expectations about Tango; less sexy and slower than expected
Memphis: the musical enjoyable but facts about city were wrong
Dubstep *Bassnectar, Pretty Lights concert *different distortions (wub wub bass) *“bass drop”
Music and communication: the film August Rush music as a form of communication between people
The Dunwoody Chamber Ensemble: Carmen suite violin sounds like human voice
The Ghanaian culture festival in Chicago learning about different tribes’ music and culture
Java Monkey/Blind Willie’s different gig settings; music as background vs showcase
Greek Orthodox worship *ancient style *expected participation *blending of different cultures/languages
Diaspora the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland -Ex. African slaves
Bi-musicality Proficiency in two different musical traditions
voluntary migration movement of people into a new region by choice, motivated by an attraction to the new locale -Ex. Chinese migration to the “Gold Mountain” during mid-1800’s
forced migration not a choice move -ex. Slave trade to the states
spirituals A genre of songs, usually with verses and a refrain, which emerged from the musical expression of slaves converted to New World Christianity
maqam Middle eastern “scale”; notes played in certain patterns and ornamented
iqa middle eastern rhythm/duration
khanah overture and 4 parts (khanat); each separated by a refrain
pizmon (pizmonim) Contrafactum using sacred Hebrew texts set to popular melodies (Syrian Jews) -Ex. Mifalot Elohim (sounds like Oh Christmas Tree aka O’Tannenbaum)
zydeco "the beans are not salty" - les haricots
maqam nawahand Became popular after Syrian Jews migrated to the new world because it sounds similar to the minor scale of Western music -Ex. Attah El Kabbir (song)
layali "oh night" - improvised vocal opening that establishes the maqam - "Attah El Kabbir"
muwashshah A classical Arab vocal form marked by a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme and a three-part form
muyu A genre of traditional Chinese vocal music whose texts deal with the concerns of everyday life, performed by men or women in public or private. Also spelled as muk’yu
structural meaning theoretical meaning
mode of relationship to the experience Focused attention (orchestra setting), unfocused attention (background music), or participation: (dancing, worship, musician)
medium how the sound is produced is significant examples: Mariachi band, dubstep
intentionality musicians/audience in sync -Ex. Tango musicians playing for dancers
Joe Opala anthropologist involved in researching the Gullah/Sierra Leone relationship
Tazieff Karoma linguist involved in researching the Gullah/Sierra Leone relationship
Bance Island island off of Sierra Leone; major slave trading hub
Tenjami literally "crossing the water" - funeral ritual of Sierra Leone
Created by: connorday
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