Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Shoulder/Thorax

RadTech 108

QuestionAnswer
Shoulder AP *10x12, 40"SID *upright preferred, ctr shoulder jt to midline of grid, IR positioned @ 1" INFERIOR to the coracoid process, body of scapula is parallel with the IR
Shoulder AP-External Rotation *abduct arm slightly and rotate it so the epicondyles are parallel with the plane of the IR *supinate hand
Shoulder AP-Neutral Rotation *rest palm of the hand against the thigh, rolls the humerus slightly internal or NEUTRAL *places epicondyles @ 45 degrees with the plane of the IR
Shoulder AP-Internal Rotation *somewhat flex the elbow, rotate the arm internally and res the back of the hand on the hip *epicondyles are perpendicular to the plane of the IR
Central Ray and Respiration for Shoulder X-rays Respiration- suspend CR- perpendicular to a point 1" inferior to the coracoid process *Close collimation
Shoulder AP Oblique- Grashey Method *35-45 degrees posterior oblique position *affected shoulder closer to IR *CR-perpendicular to glenoid cavity, enters 2" medial and inferior to superolateral border of shoulder
Shoulder Joint-Inferosuperior Axial (lawrence method) *abduct the arm of the affected side @ a rt angle to the body *place IR against the shoulder as close to the neck as possible *CR-horizontally through the axilla to the region of the AC articulation, b/t 15-30 degrees
Shoulder Joint- Superioinferior Axial *8x10 *seated at end of table, Place IR near end of table and parallel with long axis *have pt lean laterally over the IR until the shoulder is over the midpoint of the IR *flex elbow 90 degrees *CR-angled 5-15 degrees through the shoulder jt
Clavicle AP *upright *center the clavicle to midline of IR, place arms along sides of body, shoulders in same plane, center clavicle to IR *CR-perpendicular to midshaft of the clavicle
Clavicle PA *clavicle is closer to IR (reduces OID) CR-exits midshaft of clavicle
Clavicle AP Axial *center IR to midshaft of clavicle, pt faces X-ray tube *CR-cephalic angle 15-30 degrees, collimation necessary
AC Joints (Pearson) *upright required b/c supine will reduce dislocation if present *arms hanging by side unsupported, 2 exposures with weightsand w/o *CR-perpendicular to midline of body at level of AC joints for Bilateral Image
Scapula AP *10x12 *Upright preferred, center affected scapula to midline of grid, abduct are to a rt angle with body, no rotation, top of IR 2"above the top of shoulders *CR-perpendicular to midscapular area @ 2"INFERIOR to coracoid process
Scapula Lateral (RAO/LAO) *45-60 degrees rotation from the plane of IR *flex elbow and place back of the hand on small of back *CR-perpendicular to the midmedial border of the protruding scapula
Sternum PA Oblique *SID=30" *facing upright bucky or prone, thorax is rotated just enough to prevent super imposition of vertebrae and sternum *top of IR 1 1/2 " above jugular notch *CR-perpendicular to IR entering at level T-7 @ 1" lateral to midsagittal plane
Sternum Lateral *72"SID *lateral position (standing or seated), rotate shoulders posteriorly and have the pt lock the hands behind the back *CR- perpendicular to IR and enters lateral border of midsternum
Ribs PA projection *Upright *bilateral ribs- IR @ 1 1/2" above the upper border of the shoulders *full inspiration *CR-@ level t-7
Ribs AP projection *upright facing tube *IR lengthwise 1 1/2" above the upper border of the shoulders *palms outward rested on hips *CR-perpendicular to center of IR
Ribs Axillary AP Oblique *upright *pts body @ 45 degree (rpo/lpo) *abduct arm of affected side and elevate away from the body *center IR with top 1 1/2" above shoulder and lower at level of iliac crest *CR-center of IR
Ribs Axillary PA Oblique *upright *position pts body at 45 degrees *affected side away from IR *CR-perpendicular to IR
Sternoclavicular Joints PA *10x12 *center IR @ the level of the spinous process of T-3 *CR- center of IR and level of T-3
Sternoclavicular Joints PA Oblique *seated upright or prone *affected side adjacent to IR *position pt at enough of an oblique angle to project the vertebrae well behind the SC jt. closest to the IR (10-15 degrees) *CR-Level of T-2 or T-3, @ 3" distal to the vertebral prominens
Created by: gsmith0141