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Abnormal Chapter 14

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 14 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inattention, excessive activity, and impulsiveness Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Reading, mathematics, or written expression performance substantially below levels expected relative to the person's age, IQ score, and education Learning disorder
Reading performance significantly below the standard for that age level Reading disorder
Mathematics performance significantly below the standard for that age level Mathematics disorder
Condition in which writing performance is significantly below the standard for that age level Disorder of written expression
Disturbance in the fluency and time patterning of speech (for example, sound and syllable repetitions or prolongations) Stuttering
An individual's problems in spoken communication, as measured by significantly low scores on standardized tests of expressive language relative to nonverbal intelligence test scores. Symptoms may include a markedly limited vocabulary or errors in tense Expressive language disorder
Developmental disorder characterized by the individual's consistent failure to speak in specific social situations despite speaking in other situations Selective mutism
Disruption in early development involving involuntary motor movements or vocalizations Tic disorder
Wide-ranging, significant, and long-lasting dysfunctions that appear before the age of 18 Pervasive developmental disorder
Progressive neurological developmental disorder featuring constant hand-wringing, intellectual disability, and impaired motor skills Rett's disorder
Pervasive developmental disorder involving sever regression in language, adaptive behavior, and motor skills after a 2-4 year period of normal development Childhood disintegrative disorder
Disorders that do not meet criteria for other pervasive developmental disorders Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
Pervasive developmental disorder characterized by significant impairment in social interactions and communication and restricted patterns of behavior, interest, and activity Autistic disorder
A diagnosis received when one achieves a significantly below-average score on a test of intelligence and by limitations in the ability to function in areas of daily life Intellectual disability (ID)
Recessive disorder involving the inability to break down a food chemical whose buildup causes intellectual disability, seizures, and behavior problems. Can be detected by infant screening and prevented by a specialized diet Phenylketonuria (PKU)
X-linked disorder characterized by intellectual disability, signs of cerebral palsy, and self-injurious behavior Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
Type of intellectual disability caused by a chromosomal aberration (chromosome 21) and involving characteristic physical appearance. Sometimes known as trisomy 21. Down syndrome
Prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnormalities (such as Down syndrome) in the developing fetus. Involves removal and analysis of amniotic fluid from the mother. Amniocentesis
A genetic test conducted during early pregnancy that samples cells found in the placenta (chorionic villi) and assesses possible genetic or chromosomal problems in the fetus Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
Pattern of abnormality caused by a defect in the X chromosome resulting in intellectual disability, learning problems, and unusual physical characteristics Fragile X syndrome
Mild intellectual disability that may be caused largely by environmental influences Cultural-familial intellectual disability
Created by: planxtysammy