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Chapter 7

Acids, Bases, and Solutions

QuestionAnswer
a well mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one solute solution
the part of a solution present in the largest amount that dissolves the other substance solvent
the substance that is present in a solution in a smaller amount and is being dissolved solute
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out colloid
a mixture in which particles can be seen easily separated by settling or filtration suspension
mixture that has only a little solute in a certain amount of solvent dilute solution
a measure of how much solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature solubility
when so much solute is added to a solution so that no more dissolves saturated solution
when you can continue to dissolve more solute in the solution unsaturated solution
a solution that has more dissolved solute than is predicted by its solubility at the given temperature supersaturated solution
a substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonates, and turns blue litmus paper red acid
“eat away” other materials corrosive
a compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or base indicator
a substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue base
a range of values from 0-14 that expresses the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution pH scale
a mixture that has a lot of solute in the solvent concentrated solution
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron hydrogen ion
a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen hydroxide ion
a reaction between an acid and a base neutralization
any ionic compound that can be made from the neutralization of an acid with a base salt
the process of breaking down large food molecules into smaller molecules digestion
a physical process in which large pieces of food are torn and ground into smaller pieces mechanical digestion
breaks large molecules into smaller ones by chemical means chemical digestion
Created by: KerriReynolds