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Psy 101

Ch 12 Emotions, Stress, and Health

alarm the first stage of response to stress, a brief period of high arousal of the sympathetic nervous system, readying the body for vigorous activity
anger management training techniques for decreasing or restraining displays of anger
anxiety an increase in teh startle reflex
autonomic nervous system a section of the nervous system that contols the functionoing of the intercal organs, such as the heart
contempt a reaction to a violation of community standards
disgust a reaction to something that owuld make you feel contaminated if it got into your mouth
Duchenne smile a spontaneous expression that inculdes movement of both the mouth muschels and cetain muscles near the eyes
embarrassment the emotional reaction to mistakes, being the center of attention, or "sticky situation'
emotion-based coping (or blunting) methods in which people try to weaken their emotional reaction
emotional intelligence the ability to perceiv, imagine and understand emotions and to use tha information in decision making
exhaustion the third stage of response to stress when the body's prolonged response to stress decreases the synthesis fo proteins, including the proteins necessary for activity of the immune system
frustration-aggression hypothesis the theory that frustration leads to aggressive behavior
guilty-knowledge test a test that uses the poilygraph to measure whether a person has information that should be known only by someone giulty of a certain crime or soemone who talked with the guily person
health psychology a field of psychology concerned with how people's behavior can enhance health and prevent illness and how behavior contributes to recovery from illness
inoculation protection against the harmful effects of stress by earlier exposure to smaller amount sof it
James-Lange theory the theory that emotion is merely our perception of autonomic changes and movemetns evoked directly by vaious stimuli
microexpressions very bried, involuntary expressions of fear, nger, or other emotions
parasympathetic nervous system a system of nuerons located in teh medulla dn the bottom of the spinal cord; these neurons send messages to the internal organs to prepare the body for digestion and related processes
polygraph a machine that simultaneously measures heart rate, breating rate, blood pressure, and electrcial conduction of the skin
positive psychology the study of the features that enrich life, such ass hope, creativity, couragte, spirituality, and responsibility
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) a condition in which people who have endured extreme stress feel prolonged anxiety and depression
problem-based coping (or monitoring) methods in which people attend carefully to the stressful event and try to take effective actions
psychosomatic illness an illnes that is influenced by a person's experiences- particularly stressful experiences- and by his or her reactions to those experiences
pure autonomic failure an uncommon condition with unknown cause in which the autonomic nervous system stops regulating the organs
rape secual activity without the consent of the partner
resistance the second stage of response to stress; a stage fo prolonged but moderate arousal
Schachter and Singer's theory of emotions the theory that the intensity of sympathetic arousal determines the intesity of an emotion but that cognitive factors determine the type of emotion
stress according to Selye the nonspecific response of the body to any demands made upn it; according to Lazarus a situation that someone regards as threatening adn as possibly exceding his or her resources
subjective well-being a self-evaluation of one's life as pleasant, interesting, and satisfying
sympathetic nervous sytem a system composed of two chains of neuron clusters lying just to teh left and right of the spinal cord; these neurons send messages to the internal organs to perpare them for a burst of vigorous activity
Type A personality a personality characterized by constant competitiveness, impatience, anger, and hostility
Type B personality a personality characterized by an easygoing attitude, with little hurry or hostility
Created by: flola1x23
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