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Geography Glossary 4

Geography Key Words and Definitions Climatic Hazards Topic

Eye The still centre of a tropical storm (hurricane)
Flash flood A sudden and severe flood due to heavy rain
Storm surge An unusually high tide, associated with areas of low pressure and on-shore winds (Holland)
Tropical storm An intense spinning storm, perhaps 650km across, an extreme low pressure system which brings strong winds and heavy rainfall. Formed over hot sea surfaces (27C). Known as hurricanes in the Caribbean, cyclones in the Indian Ocean and typhoons in Far East
Sahel The semi-arid zone south of the Sahara where drought & desertification is happening
Desertification The process by which fertile land in dry areas becomes desert
Global warming The gradual increase in the Earth’s temperature, which may be caused by an increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
Acid rain Rainfall which has become acidic due to air pollution from burning fossil fuels
Drought A long continuous period without precipitation
Greenhouse effect Atmospheric gases ( e.g. carbon dioxide & methane) prevent heat escaping out to space
Created by: sallyfizz