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FlatWorld Psy. Ch.10

Chapter 10 Terms, Flat World Knowledge

QuestionAnswer
Affect The experience of feeling or emotion.
Arousal Our experiences of the bodily responses created by the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system.
Emotion A mental and physiological feeling state that directs our attention and guides our behavior.
Motivation A driving force that initiates and directs behavior.
Basic Emotions The emotions of anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise.
Cognitive Appraisal The cognitive interpretation that accompany emotions.
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion The idea that the experience of emotion is accompanied by physiological arousal.
James-Lange Theory of Emotion The idea that the experience of emotion is the result of the arousal that we experience.
Two-Fact Theory of Emotion The idea that the strength of emotion is determined by the intensity of the arousal we are experiencing, but that the cognitive appraisal of the situation determines what the emotion will be.
Misattribution of Arousal When we incorrectly label the source of the arousal that we are experiencing.
Nonverbal Communication Communication, primarily of liking or disliking, that does not involve words.
Facial Feedback Hypothesis The idea that the movement of our facial muscles can trigger corresponding emotions.
Stress Physiological responses that occur when an organism fails to respond appropriately to emotional or physical threats.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) A medical syndrome that includes symptoms of anxiety, sleeplessness, nightmares, and social withdrawal.
General Adaptation Syndrome The distinct phases of physiological change that occur in response to long-term stress: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.
HPA Axis A physiological response to stress involving interactions among the hypothalamus, the pituitary, the adrenal glands.
Cortisol A stress hormone that releases sugars into the blood, helping preparing the body to respond to threat.
Daily Hassles Our everyday negative interactions with the environment.
Fight-or-Flight Response An emotional and behavioral reaction to stress that increases the readiness for action.
Tend-and-befriend Response A behavioral reaction to stress that involves activities designed to create social networks that provide protection from threats.
Emotional Regulation The ability to successfully control our emotions.
Optimism The general tendency to expect positive outcomes.
Self-efficacy The belief in our ability to carry out actions that produce desired outcomes.
Social Support The experience of having positive and supportive social relationships with others.
Basal Metabolic Rate The amount of energy expended while at rest, which influences one's weight.
Anorexia Nervosa An eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight, distorted body image, and an obsessive fear of gaining weight.
Bulimia Nervosa An eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.
Obesity A medical condition in which so much excess body fat has accumulated in the body that it begins to have an adverse impact on health.
Sexual Response Cycle The biological sexual response in humans.
Sexual Orientation The direction of our sexual desire, toward people of the opposite sex, people of the same sex, or people of both sexes.
Created by: 535959219