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Psych 101 exam 3

Involves reasoning, planning, solving problems, comprehending, learning intelligence
common intelligence tests WAIS, WISC, and Stanford-Binet
most intelligence test data can be best described by this 3-level hierarchy: g= general intelligence, m= memory, reasoning, verbal skill, s (specific skills)= recalling movie titles, remembering birthdays, solving logic problems, making legal arguments, giving speeches, solving crossword puzzles
group differences are... are a product of SES ex: income, education, diet, birth weight, healthcare, testing situations (bias)
statistic describing the proportion of the difference btwn people's scores that can be explained by genetic makeup heredibility coefficient
the fear that one's behavior will confirm an existing stereotype of a group with which one identifies, which may interfere with performance stereotype threat effects
can be measured by twin studies heredibility
an individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling personality
a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of states or adjectives accurately describing their own behavior or mental state personality Inventories
example of Personality inventory test MMPI- Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory...... they are used to assess personality and psychological problems
a standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual's personality Projective techniques
example of Projective technique Rorschach Inkblot test and thematic appreception test
a neutral stimulus that is used to be an interpreted picture Rorschach Inkblot test
presents ambiguous slides and pictures...and the client gives a story about the pictures Thematic Appreception Test (TAT)
what are the five dimensions of personality openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neurocentricism
part of the brain that stimulates arousal reticular formation
responds to anticipation of reward BAS (Behavioral Activation system)
inhibits behavior in reguards to punisment BIS (Behavioral Inhibition System)
people with high BAS tend to be highly extroverted
people with high BIS tend to be neurotic
what are the views of personality? trait approach, psychodynamic approach, locus of control
personality can be understood by a combination of traits trait approach
personality can be formed by needs, strivings, and desires largely operating outside of awareness....motives that can produce emotional disorders psychodynamic approach (unconscious motives )
id, ego, superego structure of mind
the component of personality developed through contact with the external world....by resisting impulses, operating according to the reality principle, and enables us to deal with life's practical demands ego
the part of the mind containing drives present at birth....sources of needs, wants, desires, and impulses id
the mental system that reflects the internalization of cultural rules....regulates and controls our behaviors, thoughts, and fantasies superego
person's tendency to perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external in the environment locus of control
the self self concept, verification, esteem, and serving bias
a person's explicit knowledge of his or her own behavior, traits, and other personal characteristics self concept
the tendency to seek evidence to confirm one's self concept self verification
the extent to which an individual likes, values, and accepts the self self esteem
people tend to take credit for their successes and downplay their failures self serving bias
empathy is... recognizing and responding ....see, feel, and react
There are ___ different forms of ASD 5; Autistic disorder, Asperger's, PDD-NOS, Rhetts Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Most Severe Autistic Disorder
High Functioning with complex vocab Asperger's (Sheldon)
Middle of the road; delays in some areas but no delays or strengths in other areas PDD-NOS
very rare Rhett's Disorder and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
3 areas of delay for Autistic people social, behavior, communication
Difficulties for Autistic people handwriting (fine motor skills), no physical contact, line up instead of playing with toys, no emotion, rocking motion, odd sleep habits, seizures, stimulating motions, they want one solid rule, obsession and strengths in one particular subject
Cause of autism and treatment there is not single autism gene or known cause of autism and no treatment....disciplinary treatment is individualized.
Feeling comes from mirror neurons
Personality can be shaped by prior events and anticipated events
Postive self- esteem to the extreem Grandioseview of self combined wit tendency to seek admiration from and exploit others Narcisism
3 levels of consciousness 1. conscious- awareness @ any moment 2. Preconscious- aspects just beyond awareness 3. unconcious- aspects not currently being experiences (oedipus complex)
Helps us deal with life's practical demands ego
controls our behaviors, thoughts, and fantasies superego
source of needs, wants, desires, and impulses id
a discrepancy between IQ & academic achievement learning disability
Created by: tlc101