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Precursors of Teen Pregnancy adolescent development, antecedent characteristics, interpersonal influences, media influences
TP: Developmental Antecedents maturity, validation, identity
TP: Cognitive/ Psychological Antecedents norms, knowledge, less religious
TP: Family Influences closeness, values, structure, abuse
TP: Contextual Influences neighborhood, cohesion, SES
Media Influences contraceptives, 6-7 hrs, 2x
Consequences of Early Childrearing SES, education, health, family
MH: Medical Model suffering, biological, categorical, professionals
MH: Medical Model Risk Factors genetic, poverty, trauma, substance, personality, social, family
MH: Medical Model Protective Factors personality, social, family, physical, secure, prosocial
MH: Medical Model Benefits avenue, short-term, reduce stigma, manualized, neurological
MH: Medical Model Limitations individual, psychotropic, controlled by, chronic
MH: Teen Suicide leading, tripled, thinking, gender
MH: Thinking Patterns cognitive constriction, dichotomous thinking, cognitive rigidity, cognitive distortion
Homeless Youth individual who lacks a fixed regular place at residence, unaccompanied
HY: 3 Inter-related categories family, economic, residential instability
Challenges faced by homeless youth employment, shelter, sex, substance, health, school
HY: Govt Policies/ Initiatives Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, U.S. Inter-Council Agency on Homelessness, Independent Living Initiatives
Juvenile Delinquency declining; non-violent; gender; law-breaking; antisocial (non-index, index, gang, shootings, aggression, vandalism, fighting);
JD: Risk Factors family, truancy, community, peers, substance, economic, "Get tough", media, race,
JD: Protective Factors accountability, punishment, family, monitoring, activities, school, neighborhood
JD: Hagedorn's Framework Roman Republic, inter-generational, urban poor, alternative, music
Educational Risk parental, network, resilience, competency (5 C's), shortage, salaries, prisons, drop out rates declining
ER: School Engagement academic, behavioral, cognitive, psychological (belonging)
ER: Predictors of School Dropout absenteeism, less engagement, deviant, school w/ low achievement scores, mobility, low parental education, work/fam responsibilities
Substance Use overall drug rates declined, adolescent use incr, "weather vanes" (brains, habituation)
SU: Environmental & Social Correlates poverty, racism, education, media, peers, parental (*connectedness & involvement)
SU: Personal Correlates psychic pain, coping, pleasure seeking, independence, impulsive/ inability to delay gratification
SU: Harm Reduction do no harm, biopsychosocial, initially adaptive, self-efficacy, use doesn't always lead to dependence
Primary Prevention proactive; reduction of new cases (e.g. drug ed, vaccinations)
Secondary Prevention reactive; reduce current rates, for those at risk of developing a disorder (e.g. screening tests)
Tertiary Prevention reactive; treatment, reduce severity, treat harmful effects of existing problem (e.g. child protection services)
Targeting at risk populations impaired parenting: foster care, incarceration, homeless, abuse, neglect, substance, depression symptoms
Principles for Early Intervention whole, partnership, transitions, early, settings, entry points, funding, staff
Family Interventions Problematic behavior may: 1. serve as function or purpose for family 2. be function of family's inability to operate productively especially during developmental transitions 3. be symptom of dysfunctional patterns handed down across generations
FI: Paradigm Shift individual -> relationship oriented therapy, 20th century, WWII
FI: Multisystemic Therapy (MST) family/home based, serious, antisocial, leading intervention, parent skills
FI: Context-Oriented Perspective cultural, community, relational structures, neighborhood
Multi-problem Families (MPF) lack coping skills, focus on present, not on future consequences of actions, most challenging, blame system
MPF: Problems within Family poor self-concept/esteem, low education, social isolation, health & nutrition, communication, helplessness, SES, violence, substance abuse
Ecologically Sensitive Practices complexity of cause-effect relationships in HD suggests that best interventions are multi-pronged; pyramid of principles, naturalistic, timing, individual & cultural differences
ESP: Social Justice bottom, macro, degree to which society supports conditions necessary for self-determination and self or family development
ESP: Harm Reduction to lessen consequences of risky behavior
ESP: Promote HD multi spheres of influence, proximal processes, systemic reorganization, outreach in community
ESP: Goodness of Fit need match between needs & resources of family and resources, supports, and capacities of environment
ESP: Postmodern Therapies externalizes, new self, marginalized, self-reflection, clients as experts, short term, highly focused
ESP: Building Strengths & Fostering Resilience on person's positive contribution, "active agents," non-threatening, autonomy, hope-inducing
Created by: rfmg