Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

CNS Depressants

Ch. 13 Pharm

QuestionAnswer
There are two types of CNS depressants sedatives and hypnotics
what do sedatives do inhibit nervousness, excitability, irritability does not cause sleep unless in lg doses, then hypnotic
what do hypnotics do cause sleep
what are two hypnotics barbituates benzodiazepines
Stages of sleep and 5 of time in ea stage 1 2-5% stage 2 50% stage 3 5% stage 4 10-15% REM 25-33%
What are benzodiazepines classified as sedative-hypnotic anxiolytic(relieve anxiety), do not suppress REM
What are two types of benzodiazepines "Benzo, Pam and the lambs" long acting- estazolam(Prosom), flurazepam(Dalmane), lorazepam(Ativan) Short acting- temazepam(Restoril), alprazolam(Xanax), triazolam(Halcion)
Nonbenzodiazepines treat insomnia Sonata, Ambien(hangover effects), Lunesta, Rozerem
what is unique about Ramelteon(Rozerem) does not cause CNS depression, no abuse, no withdrawal sx
To treat alcohol withdrawal what would you use benzodiazepine
what is antidote for benzodiazepine Flumazenil
what do benzodiazepines interact with alcohol, opioids, Cimetidine, MAOI's, kava, valerian, grapefruit juice
what is noted about barbituates habit forming, not used much today, narrow therapeutic index (easy to get toxic)
what are 4 categories of barbituatesq ultra short acting- anesthesia short acting- convulsive, sleep int. acting- sleep, convulsive long acting- sleep, epileptic/seizure prophylaxis
Name ultra short barbituates short int. long mephohexital, thiamylal, thiopental pentobarbital, secobarbital butabarbital phenobarbital, mephobarbital
what are common barbituates butabarbital(Butisol), pentobarbital(Nembutol), phenobarbital(Luminal), secobarbital(Seconal)
What is MOA of barbituates potentiate GABA, brain's natural calming agent, so slow's down actions in the brain
barbs adverse effects CNS-drowsy, vertigo, depression Resp- depression, apnea, spams, cough GI- N/V/D/constipation Other-agranulocytosis, hypotension, Stevens-Johnson syndrome(epidermis separate from dermis), reduce REM
Overdose for barbituates leads to coma and death (can be therapeutic for uncontrolled seizures) treat- maintain airway, fluids, activated charcoal
what are common muscle relaxants Dantrium- used in treatment of malignant hyperthermia crisis Flexeril, Lioresal, Skelaxin, Zanaflex
adverse effects of muscle relaxants euphoria, dizzy, fatigue, muscle weakness
when should you give hypnotics before bed 30-60 min for max effect to induce sleep Benzos have REM rebound, tired next day
Created by: palmerag
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards