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psychology 3

language, intelligence

QuestionAnswer
FLASHBULB MEMORIES emotional memory thought to be vivid and detailed. more intense (ex. 9/11 jfk assassination)
FALSE MEMORIES memories you think you have, but never really happened
SOURCE MONITORING distinct memory but feel unsure of whether it actually occurred or was part of a dream. don't know how you know
MISINFORMATION EFFECT the creation of false memories by presenting misleading information that may/may not have taken place. (loftus & Palmer)
LOFTUS & PALMER CAR CRASH STUDY - watch clips of traffic accidents - estimate speed of vehicles involved (hit/smashed) - smashed had higher speeds than hit -did you see broken glass? most of smashed said yes (*no broken glass)
PHONEMES smallest unit of sound
MORPHEMES smallest unit of meaning
SYNTAX SEMANTICS -grammatical rules to how we compose words. word order -rules for meaning & use
EXTRALINGUISTIC pragmatics, social use of language. aren't part of content but critical to interpret meaning
HABITUATION decline in response due to repeated presentation
DISHIBITUATION recovery of a response due to a change in the presentation
BABBLING DRIFT HYPOTHESIS babbling slowly drifts towards the language the infant will be speaking
OVER-EXTENSION a word is applied to broadly
UNDER-EXTENSION a word is applied to narrowly
OVER-REGULARIZATION applies a grammar rule to an exception word
CONCEPT FORMATION mental grouping of objects/events based on some dimension of similarity
RULE THEORY if an example satisfies a rule/definition based on necessary & sufficient properties then it is part of the concept
FORMAL CONCEPT ones that are defined by specific rules or features (fruits, vegetables)
NATURAL CONCEPT form as a result of our experiences with the world (what is a bachelor?)
PROTOTYPE THEORY an abstraction of the most common attributes (vehicle: car)
FIXATION inability to see a problem from a fresh perspective
MENTAL SET tendency to solve problems using solutions that have worked before
FUNCTIONAL FIXATION have a difficult time seeing an object having a use other than what it is intended for
"G" FACTOR general intelligence, only good at one thing
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE howard garner suggest there were 8 types of intelligence
SAVANT SYNDROME person who has an otherwise limited mental ability yet has a specific exceptional skill
STERNBERG'S TRIARCHIC THEORY -analytical "book smart" to reason logically -creative; come up with new and effective answers -practical "street smart"; solve real world problems with other people
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE social intelligence, ablility to interpret social situations and manage yourself accordingly
Created by: shelbyx28