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Chp 10- Personality

Abnormal Psychology- Personality Disorders

Personality Trait An enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and others, a pattern that is ingrained in the matrix of the individual's psychological makeup.
Personality Disorder A long-lasting maladaptive pattern of inner experience and behavior, dating back to adolescence or young adulthood, that is manifested in at least 2 (cognitive, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control).
Antisocial Personality Disorder Characterized by a lack of regard for society's moral or legal standards.
Psychopathy A personality type characterized by a cluster of traits that constitutes the core of what is now called antisocial personality disorder. Includes lack of remorse, poor judgment, impulsivity.
Adult Antisocial Behavior Illegal or immoral behavior, such as stealing, lying, and cheating.
Maturation Hypothesis Hypothesis that aging brings with it a reduction of Cluster B traits of acting out, impulsivity, and extreme behaviors.
Borderline Personality Disorder Characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability, most evident in relationships, mood, and sense of identity.
Splitting People with borderline personality disorder form suddenly intense, demanding relationships with others and perceive other people as being all good or all bad.
Identity Concept of who they are.
Parasuicide Driven into a state of suicidal thinking and self-injurious behavior but not intent on killing themselves. Considered a gesture to get attention from family, a lover, or professionals.
Emotional Dysregulation Lack of awareness, understanding, or acceptance of emotions; an inability to control the intensity or duration of emotions, an unwillingness to experience emotional distress as an aspect of pursuing goals; and an inability to engage in goals.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Therapeutic approach that integrates supportive and cognitive behavioral treatments to reduce the frequency of self-destructive acts and to improve the client's ability to handle disturbing emotions, such as anger and dependency.
Histrionic Personality Disorder Use excessive emotion to manipulate others instead of expressing genuine feelings.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Need for admiration, lack of empathy, persuasive pattern of grandiosity.
Grandiosity Unrealistic, inflated sense of their own importance.
Paranoid Personality Disorder Extreme suspicion of others and are always on guard against potential danger or harm.
Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders Schizophrenia-like qualities but don't take on the psychotic form seen in schizophrenia. The three personality disorders and on a continuum of psychological disturbance and may be related.
Schizoid Personality Disorder Characterized by an indifference to social and sexual relationships, as well as a very limited range of emotional experience and expression.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder People are peculiar, eccentric, and oddly bizarre in the way they think, behave, and relate to others, even in how they dress.
Latent People with schizotypal symptoms are vulnerable to developing a full-blown psychosis if exposed to difficult life circumstances that challenge their ability to maintain contact with reality.
Avoidant Personality Disorder This person is always intimidated by social situations, fearful of any kind of involvement with others, and terrified by the prospect of being publicly embarrassed.
Dependent Personality Disorder Strongly drawn to others; clingy and passive that they may achieve the opposite of their desires as others become impatient with their lack of autonomy. Cannot make the most trivial decisions on their own.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder People feel immobilized by their inability to make a decision. Intensely perfectionistic and inflexible and express these attributes in a number of maladaptive ways.
Created by: 790573311
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