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Pre-CRT II

Definitions

QuestionAnswer
Scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
Kyphosis Convex curvature of the spine
Erythema Redness of the skin
Pectus Carinatum Anterior protrusion of the sternum
Tactile Fremitus Vibrations that are felt by the hand on the chest wall
Pectus Excavatum Depression of part or all of the sternum
Vocal Fremitus Voice vibrations on the chest wall
Crepitus Bubbles of air under the skin, often represents the presence of subcutaneous emphysema
Obtunded Drowsy state, decreased cough or gag reflex
General Malaise Run down, not feeling well, weakness, fatigue, headache. Related to electrolyte imbalance
Orthopnea difficulty breathing except while in the upright position Related to cardiac problems
Pack Years # of packs/day x # of years smoked
New Ballard Score Estimates gestational age in low birth weight infants
Bruits Sounds made in an artery or vein when blood flow becomes turbulent or at abnormal speed. Hear over carotid artery
Murmur Blood is pushed through an abnormal opening such as arterial septum or PDA
Acid Any compound that is a proton (H+) Donor
PEFR Peak expiratory Flow Rate
Base Any compound that accepts a proton
Platypnea Difficulty in breathing when erect, relieved by lying down. Disease: Chronic Liver
Diffuse Spread throughout
Bronchogram Injection of radio-opaque contrast into tracheobronchial tree
Radiolucent Dark pattern, air (Normal)
Hyperlucency Extra pulmonary air
Radiodense/Opacity White pattern, solid, fluid Normal for bones, organs
Oblique slanting or diagonal view
Apical Lordotic projection of lung apices
Cachectic muscle wasting
Kussmaul's increased respiratory rate, usually associated with metabolic acidosis
Apneustic prolonged gasping inspiration followed by extremely short, insufficient expiration
Babinski Reflex A neurologic test used to evaluate the brainstem and spinal function. Performed by stroking the sole of the foot and reaction of the toes
BCG Vaccine TB vaccination
Colloid Osmotic Pressure A test used to evaluate the cause of edema
Elict vomiting Induced vomiting with ipecac syrup 15-30ml may be repeated in 15-30 min.
Gag Reflex One of the first reflexes to disappear in a drug overdose, anesthetized or myasthenia gravis patient.
Hering-Breuer Reflex A stretch reflex which limits inhalation, loss of this causes prolonged slow deep breathing.
Inductive plethsymography used in sleep studies to monitor chest motion.
Inotropic Agents Drugs that increase the contraction of the heart muscle. Digitalis and Digoxin
Moro Reflex A reflex in which an infant draws their arms across the chest in response to stimuli by striking the surface of the infant rests on.
Mueller Maneuver A forced inspiratory effort against a closed glottis
Tensilon Test Diagnostic test for myasthenia gravis
WOB WORK OF BREATHING CHANGE IN PRESSURE X CHANGE IN VOLUME
ASSIST MODE PATIENT INITIATES ALL BREATHS
CONTROL MODE VENTILATOR WILL INITIATE BREATHS AT PRESET RATE
ASSIST/CONTROL MODE ALLOWS PATIENT TO SET RR VENT MAINTAINS A MINIMUM RATE
SIMV MODE ALLOWS PATIENT TO BREATHE SPONTANEOUSLY. VENT PROVIDES A MINIMUM MIN. VENTILATION.
PCV PRESSURE CONTROL PRESSURE CONTROLLED BREATHS
IRV INVERSE RATIO VENTILATION PRESSURE OR VOLUME CONTROLLED BREATHS WITH AN INVERSE I:E RATIO
Created by: 1052610470