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Lifespan 23,24,25


The ratio of self-sufficient, productive adults to dependents--children and the elderly. dependency ratio
Healthy, vigorous, financially secure older adults who are well integrated into the lives of their families and their communities. young-old
Older adults who suffer from physical, mental, or social deficits. old-old
Elderly adults who are dependent on others for almost everything, requiring supportive services such as nursing homes and hospital stays. oldest-old
A way of speaking to older adults that resembles baby talk, with simple and short sentences, exaggerated emphasis, a slower rate, higher pitch, and repetition. elderspeak
A limiting of the time a person spends ill or infirm, accomplished by postponing illness and, once morbidity occurs, reducing the amount of time that remains before death occurs. compression of morbidity
A theory of aging that states that the human body wears out because of the passage of time and exposure to environmental stressors. wear and tear theory
Atoms that, as a result of metabolic processes, have an unpaired electron. they produce errors in cell maintenance and repair that, over time, may cause cancer, diabetes, and arteriosclerosis. oxygen free radicals
Compounds that nullify the effects of oxygen free radicals by forming a bond with their unattached oxygen electron. antioxidants
The number of times a human cell is capable of dividing into two new cells. Hayflick limit
According to one theory of aging, a regulatory mechanism in the DNA of cells regulates the aging process. genetic clock
Cells manufactured in the bone marrow that create antibodies for isolating and destroying invading bacteria and viruses. B cells
Cells created in the thymus that produce substances that attack infected cells in the body. T cells
Memory that is easy to retrive, usually with words. Involves consciously learned words, data, and concepts. explicit memory
Unconscious or automatic memory that is usually stored via habits, emotional responses, routine procedures, and various sensations. implicit memory
An overall slowdown of cognitive abilities in the days or months before death. terminal decline
The examination of one's own past life that many elderly people engage in. According to Butler, it is therapeutic, for it helps the older person to come to grips with aging and death. life review
Theories of late adulthood that emphasize the core self, or the search to maintain one's integrity and identity. self theories
Theories emphasizing that social forces, particularly those related to a person's social category, limit individual choices and affect the ability to function. stratification theory
The view that aging makes a person's social sphere increasingly narrow, resulting in role relinquishment, withdrawal, and passivity. disengagement theory
The view that elderly people need to remain active in a variety of social spheres--with relatives, friends, and community groups--and become withdrawn only unwillingly, as a result of ageism. activity theory
The theory that each person experiences the changes of late adulthood and behaves toward others in much the same way as at earlier periods of life. continuity theory
A program in which people aged 55 and older live on college campuses and take special classes, usually during college vacation periods. elderhostel
Collectively, the family members, friends, acquaintances, and even strangers who move through life with an individual. social convoy
People over age 65 who are physically infirm, very ill, or cognitively impaired. frail elderly
A situation in which a seriously ill person is allowed to die naturally, through the cessation of medical interventions. passive euthenasia
A situation in which someone takes action to bring about another person's death, withthe intention of ending that person's suffering. active euthenasia
The study of death. thanatology
The sense of loss following a death. bereavement
An individual's emotional response to bereavement. grief
The ceremonies and behaviors that a religion or culture prescribes for bereaved people. mourning
Created by: blueangel0693