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Lifespan 14,15,16


The period of biological, cognitive, and psychosocial transition from childhood to adulthood, usually lasting a decade or so. adolescence
An area at the base of the brain that, in addition to regulating several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, and body temperature), directs the production of hormones via the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
A gland that, inresponse to a biochemical signal from teh hypothalamus, produces hormones that regulate growth and control other glands, including adrenal glands. pituitary gland
A pair of glands located above the kidneys tha tsecrete the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (nonadrenaline), which help to arouse the body in time of stress. adrenal glands
The hypothalamus/pituitary/adrenal axis, a route followed by many kinds of hormones to trigger the changes of puberty and to regulate stress, growth, sleep, appetite, sexual excitement, and various other bodily changes. HPA axis
In Piaget's theory, the fourth and final stage of cognitive development; arises from a combination of maturation and experience. formal operational thought
Thought that includes propositions and possibilities that may or may not reflext reality. hypothetical thought
Reasoning from a general statement or principle, through logical steps, to a specific conclusion. deductive reasoning
Reasoning from one or more specific experiences or facts to a general conclusion inductive reasoning
A lack of fit between a person and his or her environment that causes the person to become angry, hostile, or depressed. Such a situation is said to be typical of teenagers and school. volatile mismatch
A consistent definition of one's self as a unique individual, in terms of roles, attitudes, beliefs, and aspirations. identity
Various ideas of who one might be or might become, each of which is typically acted out and considered as possible identity. possible selves
Erikson's term for the attainment of identity, or the point at which a person understands who he or she is as a unique individual, in accord with past experiences and future plans. identity achievement
Erikson's term for premature identity formation, which occurs when an adolescent adopts parents' or society's roles and values wholesale, without questioning and analysis. foreclosure
An identity that is taken on with rebellious defiance, simply because it is the opposite of whatever parents or society expect. negative identity
A situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or care what his or her identity is. identity diffusion
Erikson's term for a pause in identity formation that allows young people to explore alternatives without making final identity choices. identity moratorium
Created by: blueangel0693
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