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Lifespan 5&6


The biological protection of the brain when malnutrition temporarily affects body growth. head sparing
The great increase in the number dendrites that occurs in an infant's brain over the first two years of life. transient exuberance
Refers to brain functions that require basic common experiences in order to develop normally. experience-expectant
Refers to brain functions that depend on particular, and variable, experiences and that therefore may or may not develop in a particular infant. experience-dependent
A disease of severe protein-calorie malnutrition during early infancy, in which growth stops, body tissues waste away, and the infant eventually dies. marasmus
A disease of chronic malnutrition during childhood, in which a deficiency of protein causes the child's face, legs, and abdomen to bloat, or swell with water, and makes the child more vulverable to other diseases, such as measles, diarrhea, and influenza. kwashiorkor
The process by which new information is taken in and responded to. adaptation
Piaget's term for the intelligence of infants during the first period of cognitive development, when babies think by using thier senses and motor skills. sensorimotor intelligence
The first of three types of feedback loops, this one involving the infant's own body. The infant senses motion, sucking, noise, and so on, and tries to understand them. primary circular reactions
The second of three types of feedback loops, this one involving people and objects. The infant is responsive to other people and to toys and other objects that can be manipulated. secondary circular reactions
The third of three types of feedback loops, this on involving active exploration and experimentation. tertiary circular reactions
Piaget's term for the stage-five toddler who actively experiments without anticipating the results little scientist
A sequence in which an infant first perceives something that someone else does and then performs the same action a few hours or even days later. deferred imitation
The process of getting used to an object or event through repeated exposure to it. habituation
A perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data, including sensory input, connections, sotred memories, and output. information-processing theory
An opportunity for perception and interaction tha tis offered by people, places, and objects in the environment. affordance
Perception tha tis primed to focus on movement and change. dynamic perception
Chomsky's term for a hypothesized brain structure that enables humans to learn language, including the basic aspects of grammar, vocabulary, and intonation. language acquisition device
Created by: blueangel0693