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Gait Review

Questions from Shankman

QuestionAnswer
An individual's center of gravity is which of the following? Anterior to the sacral vertebrae
The number of total steps per minute during gait is called which of the following? Cadence
Which of the following represents approximately 60% of the entire gait cycle? Stance phase
The swing phase of gait occupies what percentage of the gait cycle? 40%
The pelvis rotates within the frontal plane during gait. This pelvic rotation is called which of the following? Tilt
The stance phase of gait has how many components? Five
The swing phase of gait has how many components? Three
Which of the following are characteristics of normal gait? A walking speed that is typically greater for males than females. Males have a typically a greater cadence than females.
During the stance phase of gait, __________ is the instant foot contact is made with the ground. heel strike
During the stance phase of gait, __________ is the time when the entire foot is in contact with the ground. foot flat
What is the name of the period where the body is directly over the weight bearing leg? Midstance
__________ occurs when weight is unloaded from the weight bearing limb and transferred to the opposite limb. Heel off
A painful gait pattern is referred to as which of the following? An antalgic gait
A rapid swing phase of the uninvolved limb, with a reduction of the stance phase of the involved limb, is characteristic of which type of gait? Antalgic gait
Weakness of the gluteus medius may result in which of the following? Lateral trunk bending & Rapid swing phase
Circumduction of the hip during swing-through may be characteristic of weakness to which muscle group? ???
Weakness of which muscle group may demonstrate knee hyperextension during the stance phase of the gait cycle? Hip flexors
Which of the following describes a four-point gait pattern, if the injured limb is the left leg? Right crutch × left foot × left crutch × right foot
Right crutch × left foot × left crutch × right foot Minimal weight bearing (balance only)
Weight bearing as tolerated is designed for patients who are limited by which factors? Pain
When ascending stairs with bilateral axillary crutches, which of the following describes the most appropriate sequence? Uninvolved limb, then crutches
When descending stairs using bilateral axillary crutches, which of the following describes the most appropriate sequence? Crutches, then involved limb
When descending stairs, where should the PTA stand and provide support? In front of the patient
When ascending stairs, where should the PTA stand and provide support? Behind the patient
What is the term used to describe linear distance between right and left feet during gait? Step length
Name the two phases of gait. Stance phase and swing phase
Name the components of the stance phase of gait Heel strike, foot flat, midstance, heel off, and toe off
Name the components of the swing phase of gait. Acceleration, midswing, and deceleration
Name a primary action of the foot-flat period of the stance phase of gait. Shock absorption
A single crutch or cane should be used on which side of the injured limb? Uninvolved side
T or F, During gait, an individual's center of gravity displaces both vertically and horizontally. True
T or F, Non–weight bearing status allows the patient to place minimal weight on the involved limb. False
Partial weight bearing status allows the pt to place a prescribed amt of resistance on involved limb. Amt of wt is determined by dr & is carried out in PT by grading the resistance by a percentage of the patient's weight (20%, 30%, 50%, etc.). True
Responsible for eccentric lowering of foot into PF just after heel strike. Tibialis Anterior
Responsible for concentric raising of the heel during toe off during late stance phase. Gastroc-soleus group
Responsible for support during early stance phase and just before toe off to initiate swing phase. Quadriceps group
Responsible for decelerating the unsupported limb during late swing phase. Hamstrings group
Created by: srussel