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Venipuncture Week1-3

Pharmacology & Drug Administration

QuestionAnswer
What are Ethics? What are Biomedical Ethics? Ethics is a system, or code of conducts & morals advocated by a particular individual or a group. Biomedical Ethics is a branch of ethics that deal with the medical profession.
What are the 7 principles of Biomedical Ethics? Autonomy, Beneficence, Confidentiality, Justice, Non Maleficence, Role Fidelity, Veracity.
What is Autonomy? Respecting the patient as a person.
What is Beneficence? The performance of good acts, acheived through active process with the goal to be good.
What is Non Maleficence? The avoidance of evil, the goal to do no harm.
What is Role Fidelity? Faithfulness & Loyalty
What is Veracity? To tell the truth & not lie.
What are the common drug routes for contrast media? IV the most rapid, Oral, Intrathecal (myelography), Intra-arterial, Pulmonary (aerosols/gases).
What are the 5 R's (Right's) of drug administration? The right Patient (2 forms of ID), right Drug (check 3 times), right Amount , right Route(oral/rectal/IV), right Time (time of day).
What are the 7 components of a legal prescription? Patient name/MR#/DOB/address, Drug name, Dosage, Dosage form, Route of administration, Date of written order, Physician signature.
What is the difference between the trade name & the generic name of legal prescriptions? The trade name is the name given by the manufacturer & begins with capital letters. The generic name is the name given by manufacturer prior to FDA approval & begins with lower case letters.
What is Pharmacokinetics? The energy process that controls absorption, distribution, metabolism & excretion?
What are the processes of pharmacokinetics? Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism & Excretion
What is Pharmacodynamics? The study of how the effects of a drug are administered. The response of tissues to chemical agents at various sites on the body.
What is the scale of I to V for in regards to minimally controlled to the possibility of dependency? On a scale of I-V, schedule I has the high potential for dependence & Schedule V is minimally controlled.
What is a side effect? What is an example? An effect that is essentially not harmful. Nausea.
What is an Adverse Reaction? What is an example? An effect that is essentially harmful. Anaphylaxis.
What is an example of a Toxic Reaction? An overdose.
What is a Side Effect? What is an Adverse effect? Any predictable pharmacologic action on the body other than the intended action. Any unwanted effect is an adverse effect.
What is the Lethal Dose? What is the Effective Dose? How's the Therapeutic Index calculated? The lethal dose is the amount that is lethal to 50% of the population. The effective dose is the dose amount that gives a therapeutic effect to 50% of the population. As the LD/ED with the calculation closer to 1 being more dangerous.
What is the AC area? The AnteCubital area.
What is an extravasation? When the IV infused contrast or drugs goes into the surrounding tissue.
Created by: jamestkelley