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Operant Conditioning

Introduction to Operant Conditioning

the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of desired behavior = __ shaping
behaviors with appetitive consequences are strengthened, while behaviors with aversive consequences are weakened = __ Law of Effect
the type of learning in which the future probability of a behavior is affected by its consequences = __ Operant Conditioning
an event that follows a behavior and increases the chances of it happening again = __ reinforcer
an event that follows a behavior and decreases the chances of it happening again = __ punisher
presentation of a stimulus that affects the probability of a response = __ positive
removal of a stimulus that affects the probability of a response negative
a sudden increase in a behavior immediately following the beginning of extinction = __ extinction burst
What was Thorndike's hypothesis after his experiment with cats? the effects of our random actions determine how likely we are to do them again
According to Thorndike, if you __ something, you will do it more often like
What is the first process in observational learning? attention
What is the second process in observational learning? memory
What is the third process in observational learning? imitation
What is the fourth process in observational learning? motivation
According to social learning theory, how do we best control our social behavior? By controlling which situations we put ourselves in
According to Bandura, what has the most impact on our social situations? observation and imitation
In order to get an organism to do a behavior that it would not naturally do, what do you need to reward? Extinction burst
Created by: mrjones
Popular Psychology sets




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