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PSYCHOLOGY

CHAPTER 12 - Emotion

QuestionAnswer
emotion a motivated state marked by physiological arousal, expressive behavior, and cognitive experience
fight-or-flight response a state of physiological arousal that enables us to meet sudden threats by either confronting them or running away from them
prosody the vocal features of speech other than the words themselves
social-comparison theory the theory that happiness is the result of estimating that one's life circumstances are more favorable than those of others
adaptation-level theory the theory that happiness depends on comparing one's present circumstances with one's past circumstances
disparagement theory the theory that humor is amusing when it makes one feel superior to other people
incongruity theory the theory that humor is amusing when it brings together incompatible ideas in a surprising outcome that violates one's expectations
release theory the theory that humor relieves anxiety caused by sexual or aggressive energy
james-lange theory the theory that specific patterns of physiological changes evoke specific emotional experiences
cannon-bard theory the theory that an emotion is produced when an event or object is percieved by the thalamus, which conveys this information simultaneously to the cerebral cortex and the skeletal muscles and sympathetic nervous system
opponent-process theory the theory that the brain counteracts a strong positive or negative emotion by evoking an opposite emotional response
facial-feedback theory the theory that particular facial expressions induce particular emotional experiences
two-factor theory the theory that emotional experiences is the outcome of physiological arousal and the attribution of a cause fro that arousal
cognitive-appraisal theory the theory that our emotion at a given time depends on our interpretation of the situation we are in at that time
Created by: Jessica C