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Stack #74154

Postural Deviations

Postural defectJoints affectedMm shortenedMm weakened
Forward head Atlanto -occipital Cervical spine TMJ Scapulothoracic GH Levator Scapulae SCM Suboccipital mm U Trapizius Pectoralis major and minor Hyoid mm Lower cervical thoracic erector spinae M L Trapizius Rhomboids
Swayback posture Thoracolumbar spine Pelvic joint Hip joint U Abdominals Internal Intercostals Hip extensors L Lumbar extenors L abdominals L Th extensors Hip flexors
Lordosis Th spine Pelvic joint Hip Lumbar extensors Thight hip flexors Abdominals
Kyphosis Th spine Intercostales Pectoralis Major Serratus Levator Scapulae U trapezius Th erector spinea Rhomoids M & L Trapezius
Flat back Lumbar spine pelvic joint Abdominals Hip extensors Lumbar extensor mm Hip flexors
Flat upper back C-Th spine Scapulothoracic joint Th Erector spinae Scapula retractors ( Trapezius & Rhomboids) Scapula protractors ( Serratus & Pecs) Anterior intercostals
Scoliosis C-Th Pelvis Hip foot MM on the concave side hip adductors foot supinators on the short side mm on the convex side hip abductors foor pronators on the long side
Gibbus (Hump back) structural deformity, results from an anterior wedging of the body of one or two vertebrae. Caused by fructure, tumore, or bone disaes, pelvic inlination normal 30 degree (blank) (blank)
Dowager's hump caused by : postmenopausal osteoporosis, anterior wedge fructure occurs to several vertebrae, contribute to decrease in height, seen in women (blank) (blank)
Ankylosis spondylitis posture forward protrusion of head, Fllatening of anterior chest wall, thoracic kyphosis, protrusion of abdomen, flattening of the L lordosis, slight fexion of the hips, (blank) (blank)
Piggen chest (pectus carinatus) sternum is formard and down, A-P demension is increased (blank) restricted ventilatory volume
Funnel chest (pectus excavatum) sternym pushed posteriorly by overgrowth ribs. A-P demenstion of the chest is decreased, and heart may be displaced, there is depression of the sternum on inspiration which decrese inspiration and may result in kyphosis (blank)
Barrel chest sternum projects forward and upward, A-P increased, seen in pathological condictions such as emphysima (blank) (blank)
Created by: kasia1
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