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Meyers Chapter 17
AP Psychology Chapter 17 (Therapy)
|A planned, emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and a sufferer.
|A prescribed medication or medical procedure that acts directly on the patient's nervous system.
|An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
|Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapist's interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
|In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
|In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.
|In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).
|A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques, such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth.
|Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client centered therapy.
|Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
|A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. Includes exposure therapy and aversive conditioning.
|Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things the fear and avoid.
|A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
|Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
|An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
|A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior.
|An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
|Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
|A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior).
|Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
|Regression Toward the Mean
|The tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average.
|A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
|The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
|Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target d2 dopamine receptors.
|Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT)
|A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
|Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
|The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
|Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
|A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.