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Infect Control ???s

Infection Control review questions

QuestionAnswer
What are bacteria? One-celled microorganisms; some are harmful, some are harmless
Name and describe the two main classifications of bacteria. Pathogenic (disease-causing) and non-pathogenic (non-disease-causing)
What are some of the beneficial functions performed by nonpathogenic bacteria? Help the body break down food, protect against infection, stimulate immune system
Name and describe the three forms of pathogenic bacteria. Cocci (sphere-shaped), bacilli (rod-shaped), and spirilla (corkscrew-shaped)
What is sanitation? Why is it important? Removing visible dirt and debris; the number of germs on a properly clean surface is greatly reduced, as is the risk of infection
What is the primary purpose of regulatory agencies? Set guidelines for the manufacturing, sale, and use of equipment and chemical ingredients, and for safety in the workplace.
What is an exposure incident? Contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that results from performance of an employee's duties
List the steps for cleaning and disinfecting electrical equipment. Follow manufacturer's directions.
List the three types of microorganisms that are important to cosmetology. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites (includes fungi)
What is a contagious or communicable disease? Can be transferred from person to person
How often should disinfectant solutions be changed? Every day, or more often if the solution becomes soiled or contaminated.
Describe the procedure for taking care of blood or other body fluid in the salon. 1. Put on gloves; 2. Clean injured area with antiseptic; 3. Bandage the cut; 4. Clean workstation; 5. Discard contaminated objects by double-bagging; 6. Disinfect tools and implements
How do you know if an item is disinfectable? All visible debris can be removed and it does not get damaged during the disinfection process.
Can porous items be disinfected? Some; towels, chamois, and some nail files and buffers
What is an MSDS? Where can you get an MSDS? Material Safety Data Sheet; contains information about ingredients, safe use and handling procedures, flammability and data in case of a fire, disposal guidelines, and medical information in case of allergic reactions
What are Universal Precautions? A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens
What is OSHA? Occupational Safety and Health Administration; regulates and enforces safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
What is the EPA? Environmental Protection Agency; licenses disinfectants
What type of disinfectant is no longer used in the salon? formalin
Created by: fjelstadka
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