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Exam 2

What is "classical conditioning"? A process by which behaviors are learned through associations
What is US? Unconditioned stimulus; any stimulus that naturally causes an automatic reaction
What is UR? Unconditioned response; any unlearned response to a stimulus
What is NS? Neutral stimulus; any stimulus that does not naturally elicit a response
What is CS? Conditioned stimulus; any stimulus that will, after association with a UScause a conditioned response (CR) when present
What is CR? Conditioned response; reflexice likearned response to a neutral stimulus
US = ? US = UR
What is "extinction"? Conditioned response (CR) is weakened by presenting the conditioned stimulus (CS) with the Unconditioned stimulus (US) EX: Pavlov rang the bell, but did not present the food, and the dog stopped salivating
What is "spontaneous recovery"? Conditioned response (CR) recurs after a time delay and without additional learning EX: When Pavlov rang the bell the next day, the dog salivated
What is "stimulus generalization"? Often occurs, causing the classically-conditioned reaction to occur to similar stimuli The more similar the new stimulus is to the conditioned stimulus (CS), the more intense the response
Identify Pavlov's experiment with the dog. Food --> Salivation (US) (UR) Food paired with a Bell --> Salivation (US+NS) (UR) The Bell becomes associated with food, until finally Bell --> Salivation (CS) (CR)
Identify Watson's "Little Albert" study.
Created by: j355
Popular Psychology sets




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