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Physical G. vocab

social studies vocabulary terms for Physical Geography.

What is a basin? An erea of land surrounded by lands of higher elevations.
What is a Bay? The part of as large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf.
What is a canyon? A deep and narrow valley with steep walls.
What is a Cape? A point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean.
What is a channel? A wide strait or waterway between 2 landmasses thast lie close to each other.
What is a cliff? A step, high walll of rock, earth or ice.
What is a continent? One of the 7 large landmasses on earth.
What is a delta? A flat, low lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposits at its moth.
What is a desert? A region of Vegetation, either cold or hot, that recieves ten inches or less rainfall per year.
What is a glacier? A large thick body, of slowly moving ice.
What is a gulf? Part of a large body of water that extends into a shorline. (Generally smaller than a bay)
What is a Harbor? A sheltered place along a shorline where ships can dock safely?
What is a hill? Elavated land with sloping sides and a rounded summit.
What is an island? A land area smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water.
What is an isthmus? A narrow stretch of land connecting 2 larger land areas.
What is a lake? A seizable inland body of water.
What is a mesa? A broad flat topped landform with steep sides.
Waht is a mountain? Land with steep sides that rise sharply, from surrounding land.
What is a mouth (of a river?) A place where a stream or river flows into a river flows into a larger body of water.
What is an ocean? One of the 4 major bodies of water thats surrounded by continents.
What is ocean current? A stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through the ocean.
What is a peninsula? A body of land jutting into a lake or ocean surrounded by 3 sides of water.
What is a plain? An area of level land often at low elevations often covered with tall grasses.
What is a plateau? An area of flat rolling land at a high elevation about 300-3000 feet high.
What is a rain forest? A tropical dense evergreen woodland with an anual rain fall of 100 inches+.
What is a river? A large natural stream of water that runs through land.
What is a sea? A large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land.
What is a source (of a river?) A place where a river or stream starts often in the highlands.
What is a strait? A narrow stretch of water joining 2 larger bodies of water.
What is a tributary? A branch of a river that flows into a bigger river.
What is a tundra? A region of vegetation at high latitudes, high elavations, and characterized by cold temperatures and sparse vegetation.
What is a valley? An area of low lying land between hills or mountains.
What is a volcanoe? A mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth.
What is a sound? A broad inland body of water, often near costline and off coast islands.
Created by: 201124934



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