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Spastic Patterns

Neuro Test 2 - Spastic Patterns

LimbActionMuscles Affected
Scapula Retraction, downward rotation Rhomboids
Shoulder Adduction and IR, depression Pect. Major; Lat. Dorsi; Teres Major, Subscapularis
Elbow Flexion Biceps, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Forearm Pronation Pronator Teres; Pronator Quadratus
Wrist Flexion, Adduction, Ulnar Deviation Flexor Carpi Radialis
Hand Finger flexion, clenched fist; Thumb adducted in palm Flexor Digiti Profundus/Sublimis; Adductor Pollicis Brevis, Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Pelvis Retraction (hip hiking) Quadratus Lumborum
Hip Adduction (scissoring) Adductor Longus/Brevis
Hip IR Adductor Magnus; Gracilis
Hip Extension Gluteus Max
Knee Extension Quads
Foot & Ankle PF Gastroc & soleus
Foot & Ankle Inversion Anterior Tibia
Foot & Ankle Equinovarus .
Foot & Ankle Toes Claw (MP ext, PIP flex, DIP ext) Long Toe Flexors; Extensor Hallucis Longus
Foot & Ankle Toes Curl (PIP, DIP flex) Peroneus Longus
Hip & Knee Flexion Iliopsoas, RF, Pectineus
Hip & Knee (prolonged sitting posture) Sacral Sitting Hamstrings
Trunk Lateral flexion with concavity rotation Rotators; Int/Ext Obliques
COG forward Excessive forward flexion Rectus Abdominis; External Obliques
COG Forward (prolonged sitting posture) Forward head Psoas minor; Hemi-sided see UE: flexion and LE: Extension; Head: tilts to affected side
Created by: srussel