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Psy 455 Chapter 4

Marriage and Mate Selection

Polygyny many females, men marry multiple women
polyandry many males, women pair with multiple men.
monogamy refers to a system in which two individuals pair bond
monogyny one female
monandry one male
polygynandry group marriage or a system in which husbasnds and wives share the same spouses.
cenogamy many females and males
ethnographic atlas most comprehensive sources of cross-cultural information on mating systems.
serial pair bonding or serial monogamy men and women marry successive individual partners over their life spans (instead of marrying one partner for the duration of their life spans or many partners at a single time)
marriage long-term mating arrangement that is socially sanctioned and that typically involves economic, social, and reproductive cooperation between the partners.
homogamy or assortment tendency for men and women to marry spouses who resemble them on a number of dimensions.
exogamy tendency for people to marry partners outside of their own familial or kinship group.
incest taboo prohibits sexual intercourse between closely related individuals
collectivist cultures typically limit the amount of freedom a man or woman has in choosing a marriage pattern.
arranged marriage family members or matchmakers choose a mate for an individual.
individualist cultures typically allow an individual much greater freedom in the selection of a spouse.
free choice or love-based marriage feelings of personal compatibility and mutual attraction between partners rather than meeting family or society needs.
traditional marriage spouses allocate roles and responsibilites on the basis of sex.
egalitarian, peer or equal-status marriage characterized by shared roles and responsibilities in all aspects of married life.
dual-earner marriage both husband and wife work and make economic contributions to the family
defense of marriage act (doma) passed by congress and signed into law by Pres. Bill Clinton
civil union no state is required to recognize same-sex marriages, even if those marriages were legally performed and licensed in another state.
domestic parntership official unions that provide specific legal rights to partners in same-sex relationships.
cohabitation resembles a martial relationship, civil union, or domestic partnership in that it is essentially a committed pair bond or monogamous union between two individuals who live together and who coordinate economic, social and sexual activities.
Created by: whatanlines26
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