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PSY 309 Mood Dis.

Abnormal Psychology: Mood disorders

3 types of Depressive Disorders Major Depression, Dysthymic disorder, Double Depression
Major Depression Extremely depressed mood lasting at least 2 weeks with disturbed physical functioning; age of onset decreasing (from 25 to 14).
Depression: Anhedonia Loss of interest/pleasure in daily activities.
Depression: Mania exaggerated joy or euphoria characterized by rapid/incoherent speech and hyperactivity.
Dysthymia Milder symptoms than major depression, but more chronic; early childhood onset; high risk of suicide.
Double Depression Major depressive episodes with dysthymia; High reccurance rate, very common.
Depression: Grief Only considered as depression when there are severe symptoms lasting longer than 1 year.
3 types of Bipolar Disorders Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic Disorder. All equally affect males and females.
Bipolar I Disorder Alternating full major depressive and manic episodes; onset at 18, chronic; high risk for suicide.
Bipolar II Disorder Alternating full major depressive and hypomanic (less severe mania) episodes; 10-13% of cases progress to Bipolar I; chronic.
Cyclothymic Disorder Less severe depressive and manic episodes that last for extended periods of time; chronic, lifelong.
Specifiers Aid in determining most effective treatment for a disorder. (Symptom and Course)
Symptom Specifiers Describe the most recent episode.
Course Specifiers Describe the pattern of behavior/episodes.
Rapid cycling pattern 4 or more manic/depressive episodes in one year; Bipolar I & II only.
Relationship between Depression and Anxiety Most depressed people are anxious; not all anxious people are depressed.
2 Psychological theories regarding Mood Disorders Learned Helplessness Theory of Depression, Cognitive Theory of Depression
Learned Helplessness Theory of Depression Depression is caused by a lack of perceived control over life events.
Cognitive Theory of Depression Depressed people have a tendency to interpret life events negatively.
Bipolar Medication: Lithium Mood stabilizer; increases thyroid functioning.
Bipolar: Psychotic symptoms Occur during both manic and depressive episodes.
Created by: pichelle