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Unit 12

Unit 12 AP Psych

Psychological Disorder Deviant, distressful,and dysfuntional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) A psychological disorder marked by the appearence by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
Medical Model The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, ofetn through treatment in a hospital.
DSM-IV-TR The American Associations's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, classifies psychological disorders.
Panic Disorder An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experineces terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening situations.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder An Anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of automatic nervous system arousal.
Phobia An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation.
Obssesive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts(obssesions) and or actions (compulsions)
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawl, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
Post-traumatic Growth Positive psychological changes as a resule of srtuggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises.
Somatoform Disorder Psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause.
Conversion Disorder A rare somatofor disorder in which a person experinces very specific genuine physical symptoms for which on psychological basis can be found.
Hypochondriasis A somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
Dissociative Disorders Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes seperated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhitbits two or more distinct and alternating personalities.
Mood Disorders Psychological disorders characteized by emotional extremes.
Major Dipressive Disorder A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, tow or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activites.
Mania A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
Bipolar Disorder A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state if mania.
Schizophrenia A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions and inapproproate emotions and actions.
Delusions False beliefs, often persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
Personality Disorders Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
Antisocial Personality Disorder A personality disorder in which the person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggresive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
Created by: mrashcroft