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Stack #71943

Superficial Thermotherapy

what is a conduction? heat transfer from a wormer object to a cooler one through direct pysical contact
what are the conductive modalities? hot pack, paraffin
What is a convection? Heat transfer by movement of the air or fluid from a wormer area to a cooler one.
What are the convective modalities? Hubbard tank, whirlpool, fluidotherapy
What is a radiation? transfer of the heat through the transmition of electromagnetic energy
example of radiation therapy? infrared lamp
what are the body tissue responses to superficial heat? skin temperature rises rapidly and exibits the greates temperature change
how does subcutaneous tissue rwact to the superficial heat? less rapidly and exhibits smaller change
How muscles and joints react to the superficial heat? show least temperature changes
What is the response of the Cardiac Output to the heat treatment? CO inceases
metabolic rate inceases
pulse rate increases
Blood Pressure dicreases
Respiratory rate increases
stroke volume decreases
Vasodilation increases
blood flow to internal organs decreases
blood flow to resting muscles decreses
Indications for superficial Thermotherapy: modulate pain, increase tissue extensibility, reduce or eliminate soft tissue inflammation, accelerate the rate of tissue healing, reduce or eliminate soft tissue and joint restriction and muscle spasm, preparation for electrical stimulation, massage,exer
Precausions for use of Superficial thermotherapy cardiac insufficiency, edema, impaired circulation, impaired thermal regulation, metal in tratment site and open wounds
What are the contraidications for use of supeficial thermotherapy? acute and early subacute traumatic and inflammatory condictions, dicreased circulation, impaired sensation, DVT, impaired cognition, malignant tumor, tendency towards edema or hemorhage, very yuang and very old people
what is the temerature of the water in which the hot pack in immersed? 165- 170 degree F
How long is the hot pack treatment? 20 - 30 minutes
what is the temperature of the paraffin treatment? 125-127 degree F
what is the sterilizing temperature for the paraffin mixture? 175- 180 degree F
what is the paraffin treatment time? 15- 20 min
what are the indications for the paraffin treatment? painful joints due to arthritis or other inflammatory condictions in the late subacute or chronic stage, joint stifness
what are the areas treated with paraffin ? wrists, hands
what are the contraidications to the paraffin treatment? allergic rash, open wounds, recents scars and satures, skin infections
What is the treatment T for the whirepool? 103-110 degree F
What is the treatment T for the Hubbard tank? 100 degree F
What is the treatment T in the PVD? 95-100 degree F
What is the treatment T in open wounds? 92-96 degree F
What is the tratment time for hydrotherapy? 20 -30 min ( if other procedures are performed)
what are indications for hydrotherapy? decubitus ulcer, open burns, wounds, post-hip fractures, subacute and chronic musculoskeletal condictions, RA
what are the precautions for hydrotherapy? decreased sensation, recent skin graft, incontinence, confusion/desorientation, hydrophobia with full immersion
What are the contraindications for hydrotherapy? bleeding, wound maceration, cardiac instability, profund epileps with full immersion
common antibacterial agents used in hydrotherapy? Sodium Hypochloride (bleach), Providone-Iodine, Chloramine
Created by: kasia1