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PTCB Study Guide 1

Mixture of all the Pharmacy Tech For Cert Test

Schedule I No accepted medical use in the United States and possesses an extremely high potential for abuse. Examples crack, opium...
Schedule II Has a medical use but has a high abuse potential with sever psychological or physical dependency -Ordered by completing a DEA form 222 and signed by an individual whose DEA # is listed -Ex: Codeine, Demerol -No Expiration
Schedule III Has accepted medical use and the abuse potential is less than Schedule I and II drugs -Can be faxed, written, or phoned in prescriptions -Ex: Ambien or Ativan -Expires in 6 months - 5 refill, but only 5 times
Schedule IV Abuse potential is less than with Schedule III drugs, but administration may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence -Can be faxed, phone, or written prescriptions -Ex: Valium or Vicodin -Expires in 6 months - 5 refills, only 5 time
Schedule V Abuse potential is less than with Schedule IV drugs; Schedule includes exempt narcotics -Can be faxed, phoned, or written prescriptions -EX: Robitussin AC or Phenergan with Codeine - Expires in 12months -Up to 12 months worth
Pure Food and Drug Act - 1906 Prohibits the interstate transportation or sales of adulterates and misbranded food or drugs
Harrison Tax Act - 1914 Establishes that manufactures, pharmacists, importers, and physicians prescribing narcotics should be licensed and required to pay a tax
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration - 1927 The law enforcement agency is formed that would be in 1930 as the Food and Drug administration
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act - 1938 Food and Drug Administration was created under this act and required that all new drug applications be filed with the FDA. The FDCA 1938 clearly defined adulteration and misbranding of drug and food products.
Albert Food Products v. US - 1950 The United States Court of Appeals rules that the purpose for which a drug is to be used must be included on the label.
Durham-Humphrey Act - 1951 An ammendment to FDCA 1938 requiring all products to have adequate directions for use unless they contain the federal legend: "Caution" Federal law prohibits dispensing without a prescription."
Kefauver-Harris Amendment - 1962 Requires that all medication on the market in the United States be pure, safe, and effective
Fair Packaging and Labeling Act - 1966 Requires drug manufactures to provide proof of both safety and effectiveness before marketing the drug
The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD) In 1973 the BNDD merged into the DEA. Predecessor agency of the DEA or Drug Enforcement Agency.
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act - 1970 The DEA was created and also placed under the supervision of the Department of Justice. Controlled substances are placed in on of 5 schedules based on a potential of abuse and accepted medical use in the United Stated
Poison Prevention Packaging Act - 1970 Requires child -proof packaging on all controlled and most prescription drugs dispensed by pharmacies. Non-child proof containers may only be used if the prescriber or patient requests one.
Medical Device Amendment - 1976 Requires pre-market approval for safety and effectiveness of life sustaining and life-supporting medical devices.
Orphan Drug Act - 1983 Provides incentives to promote research, approval, and marketing of drugs needed for the treatment of rare diseases.
Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act - 2005 Enacted to regulate the OTC sales of Pseudoephedrine. -Identity and address may be kept for 2 yrs -Daily sales no to exceed 3.6gm -30 day purchase not to exceed 9gm -30 day purchase via mail order not to exceed 7.5gm
-astine Antihistamine
-azepam Benzodiazepine
-azosin Vasodilator
-bamate Tranquilizers
Barb Barbiturates
-caine Local Anesthetic
Cef, Cepf, Ceph Cephalosporin
-cillin Penicillin Antibiotic
Cod Narcotic Analgesic
-conazole Antifungal Agent
Cort Steroid Anti - Inflammatory
-cycline Tetracycline Antibiotic
-dopa Dopamine Receptor Agonists
-ectin Antiparasitic
Estro Estrogen Hormone
Flox Quinolone Antibiotic
-glitazone Antidiabetic Agent
-micin Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
-mycin Macrolide Antibiotic
Nitr Coronary Vasodilator
-olol Beta Blocker
-pril ACE Inhibitor
-profen NSAID (Nonsteroidal Anti - Inflammatory)
-semide Loop Diurectic
-statin HMG - CoA Reductase Inhibitor (Cholesterol)
Sulfa Sulfa Antibiotic
-thiazide Thiazide Diuretic
-tidine H2 Blocker
-triptan Anti-migraine Medication
-triptyline Trycycline Antidepressant
Vir Antiviral
-vudine Antiviral
q Every
qH Every Hour
qAM Every Morning
qPM Every Evening
qHS Every Bedtime
qD Every Day
qOD Every Other Day
qWK Every Week
qMO Every Month
q8H Every 8 Hours
BID Twice A Day
TID Three A Day
QID Four A Day
C With
AC Before Meals
PC After Meals
HS At Bedtime
PRN As Needed
UD As Directed
AA Of Each
QS Quantity Sufficient
GTT Drop
TSP Teaspoon
TBSP Tablespoon
OZ Ounce
GM Gram
KG Kilogram
LB Pound
mL Milliliter
L Liter
G Gallon
OD Right Eye
OS Left Eye
OU Both Eyes
AD Right Ear
AS Left Ear
AU Both Ears
PO By Mouth
SL Sub-Lingual
NG Naso Gastric
BUCCAL Cheek/Gum
PR Rectally
PV Vaginally
SUPP Suppository
TAB Tablet
CAP Capsule
IM Intramuscular
SQ Sub-Cutaneous
IV Intravenous
IC Intra Cardiac
INJ Injection
STAT Immediately
APAP Acetaminophen
ASAP As Soon As Possible
Created by: GPT



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