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orthotic gait

orthotic gait deviations

Lateral trunk bending: patient leans towards the orthotic side during stance KAFO medial upright is too high; insuficient shoe lift; hip pain, weak or tight abductors on the ortotic side, short leg, poor balance
Circumdation and vaulting locked knee, excessive plantar flexion, weak hip flexors or dorsiflexors,
Anterior trunk bemding inadequate knee lock, weak Quadriceps, hip or knee flexion contracture
Posterior trunk bending inadequate hip lock, , weak gluteus max, knee ankylosis
Hypextended knee during stance inadequate plantar flexion stop, inadequate knee lock, calf band too deep, weak Quadriceps, loose knee ligaments, extensors spastisity, pes equinus
knee instability ( excessive knee flexion during stance) inadequate DF stop, inadequate knee lock, knee or hip flexion contracture, weak quadriceps, knee pain
foot slap during early stance inadequate DF assist, Excessive PF stop, weak DF
Toes first during stance inadequate DF assist, PF stop excessive, inadequate heel lift, heel pain, PFspastisity, pes equinus, short leg
Flat foot inadequate longitudinal support, pes planus
Pronation ransverse plane malaligment, weak invertors, pes valgus, spastisity, genu valgum
Supination transvrse plane malaligment, weak everters, pes varus, genu varum,
Excessive stance width KAFO hight of medial upright too high, HKAFO hip joint aligned in excessive abduction, knee is locked, abduction contractures, poor balance, sound limb too short
Created by: kasia1