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Myers 9 Chapter 12

Bell West / Emotions, Stress, and Health

emotion a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.
James-Lange theory the theory that oue experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli.
Cannon-Brad theory the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion.
two-factor theory The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal.
polygraph a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes).
catharsis emotional release. in psychology, that catharsis hypothesis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.
feel-good, do-good phenomenon people's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.
subjective well-being self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective wellbeing (for xample, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.
adaptation-level phenomenon our tendency to form judgements (of sound, of lights, of income) relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience.
relative deprivation the perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself.
behavioral medicine an interdisciplinary field that intef=grates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease.
health psychology a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
stress the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraiseas threatening or challenging.
general adaptation syndrome Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in thress states-alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
coronary heart disease the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
Type A Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
Type B Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people.
psychophysiological illness literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.
psychoneuroimmunology the study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health.
lymphocytes the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells
coping alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.
problem-focused coping attempting to alleviate stress directly-by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor.
emotion-focused coping attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction.
aerobic exercise sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.
biofeedback a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension.
complementary and alternative medicine as yet unproven health care treatment intended to supplement (complement) or serve as alternatives to conventioal medicine, and which typically are not widely taught in medical schools, used in hospitals,or reimbursed by insurance companies. When research
Created by: rkratina