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Pharm Ch. 2 Terms

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
absorption the process whereby a drug enters the circulatory system
addiction a dependence characterized by a perceived need to take a drug to attain the psychological and physical effects of mood-altering substance
anaphylactic reaction a serve allergic reaction response reulting in immediate life-threatening respiratory distress, usually followed by vascular collapse and shock and accompanied by hives
antagonist drugs that bind to a receptor site and block the action of the endogenous messenger or other drugs
distribution the process by which a drug moves from the blood into other body fluids and tissues and ultimately to its sites if action
dose the quantity of a drug administered at one time
elimination removal of a drug or its metabolites from the body by excretion
inhibition the processwhereby a drug blocks enzyme activity and impairs the metabolism of another drug
interaction a change in the action of a drug caused by another drug, food, or another substance such as alcohol or nicotine
lipid a fatty molecule, an important constituent of cell membranes
local effect an action of a drug that is confined to a specific part of the body
metabolism the process by which drugs are chemically converted to other compounds
metabolite a substanceinto which a drug is chemically converted in the body
therapeutic effect the desired action of a drug in the treatment of a particular disease state or sympton
tolerance a decrease response to the effects of a drug as it continues to be administrated
Created by: Stephanie.Sloas