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Chapter 7 Language


Language The communication of information through symbols arranged according to systematic rules
Grammar The system of rules that determine how our thoughts can be expressed.
Phonology The study of the smallest units of speech, called phonemes.
Phonemes The smallest units of speech.
Syntax Ways in chich words and phrases an be combined to form sentences
Babble Meaningless speechlike sounds made by children from around the age of 3 months through 1 year
Telegraphic Speech Sentences in which words not critical to the message are left out.
Overgeneralization The phenomenon by which children apply language rules even when the aplication results in an error.
Learning-theory approach (to language development) The theory suggesting that language acquisition follows the principles o reinforcement and conditioning.
Nativist approach ( to language development) The theory that a genetically determined, innate mechanism directs language development.
Universal Grammar Noam Chomsky's theory that all the worlds languages share a common uderlying structure.
Language-acquisition device A neural system of the brain hypothesized by Noam Chomsky to permit understanding of language.
Interactiontionist approach (to language development) The view that language development is produced through a combination of genetically determined predispositions and environmental circumstances that help teach language.
Created by: 50611802
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