Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

AP Psych Chapter 3

The Nature and Nurture of Behavior

Chromosomes Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes.
DNA A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
Genes The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein.
Genome The complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes.
Natural Selection The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Mutations A random error in gene replication that leads to a change.
Evolutionary Psychology The study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.
Gender In psychology, the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female.
Behavior Genetics The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.
Environment Every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us.
Identical Twins Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms.
Fraternal Twins Twins who develop from separate fertilized eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment.
Temperament A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity.
Heritability The proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of trait may vary, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.
Interaction The dependence of the effect of one factor on another factor.
Molecular Genetics The subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes.
Culture The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
Norm An understood rule for accepted and expected behavior.
Personal Space The buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies.
Memes Self-replicating ideas, fashions, and innovations passed from person to person.
X Chromosome The sex chromosome found in both men and women - females have 2 X chromosomes; males have one. An X chromosome from each parent produces a female child.
Y Chromosome The sex chromosome found only in men. When paired with an X sex chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child
Testosterone The most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and development of the male sex characteristics during puberty
Role A set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave.
Gender Role A set of expected behaviors for males and for females.
Gender Identity One's sense of being male or female.
Gender-Typing The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role.
Social Learning Theory The theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished.
Gender Schema Theory The theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly.
Created by: Kingsclass