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Abnormal Chapter 5

Abnormal Psychology chapter 5 vocabulary

Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future danger or misfortune. May involve feelings, behaviors, and physiological responses Anxiety
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or life-threatening emergencies Fear
Sudden, overwhelming fright or terror Panic
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied by a number of physical symptoms such as dizziness or heart palpitations Panic Attack
Brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety Behavior inhibition system (BIS)
Biological reaction to alarming stressors that muster the body's resources (such as blood flow and respiration) to resist a threat Fight or flight system (FFS)
Characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, accompanied by physical symptoms or tenseness, irritability, and restlessness Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
fear and avoidance of situations the person believes might induce a dreaded panic attack Panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA)
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult Agoraphobia
Panic attacks experienced without development of agoraphobia Panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD)
Cognitive-behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them Panic control treatment (PCT)
Unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning Specific phobia
Unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection Blood-injury-injection phobia
Anxiety involving enclosed places (for example, claustrophobia) or public transportation (fear of flying) Situational phobia
Fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water Natural environment phobia
Unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life Animal phobia
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart Separation anxiety disorder
Extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations Social phobia
enduring, distressing, emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helplessness or fear-inducing threat. The victim reexperiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it, and develops a numbing of responsiveness and increased arousal Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, often including amnesia about the event, emotional numbing, and derealization. Many victims later develop PTSD Acute stress disorder
Disorder involving unwanted, persistant, intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces Obsessions
Repetitive, ritualistic, time consuming behaviors or mental acts a person feels driven to perform Compulsions
Created by: planxtysammy