Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Unit 7B AP Psych

Cognition The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
Concept A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Prototype A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
Algorithm A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier -- but also much more error-prone -- use of heuristics.
Heuristic A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
Insight A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
Creativity The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
Confirmation Bias A tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
Fixation The inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set.
Mental Set A tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
Functional Fixedness The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving.
Representativeness Heuristic Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
Availability Heuristic Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
Overconfidence The tendency to be more confident that correct -- to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
Belief Perserverance Clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
Intuition An effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
Language Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
Grammar In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
Syntax The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
Framing The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
Phoneme In language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
Morpheme In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or part of a word (such as a prefix).
Semantics The rules for combining rules into grammatically sensible sentences in any given language.
Babbling Stage Beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
One-word Stage The stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
Two-word Stage Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
Telegraphic Speech Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram -- "go car" -- using mostly nouns and verbs.
Linguistic Determinism Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
Created by: mrashcroft
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards