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KAT PHR 58

Poison

QuestionAnswer
Drugs w/ low volume of distribution best removed by dialysis, diuresis
Direct kidney and liver damage caused by (4) acetaminophen, amanita phalloides mushroom, inhalants, heavy metal
Give _ for suspected EtOH abuse Thiamine
osmolar gap is serum osm minus sodium, glucose and BUN
Significant osmolar gap caused by low molec weight intoxicants
Anion gap is sodium and potassium minus chloride and bicarb
Significantly increased anion gap caused by DKA, renal failure, and acidosis
Drugs that increase anion gap CN, EtOH, ethylene glycol, Ibuprin, isoniazid, methanol, phenelzine, salicylates, tranylcypromine, valproic acid, verapamil
Hyperkalemia caused by B blockers, digitalis, F, Li, potassium sparing diuretics
Hypokalemia caused by barium, diuretics, toluene, B agonists
Antidepressant overdose causes coma, convulsions and cardiac toxicity
Stimulant overdose causes seizures, hypertension, arrhythmia, nystagmus, rhabdo
Salicylate overdose causes coma, hypokalemia, and acidosis
Cardiotoxic drug antidote sodium and bicarb
Iron antidote deferoxamine
Methanol and ethylene glycol antidote fomepizole, ethanol
Cyanide antidote hydroxycobalamin
Created by: asindhidude