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Abbreviations, Ch. 4

Med Term Abbreviations, Ch. 4, Kettenbach

ABBREVIATIONMEANING
A: assessment
ABI acquired brain injury
afib atrial fibrillation
A-line arterial line
A-V arteriovenous
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAROM active assistive range of motion
Abd or abd abduction
ABG arterial blood gases
ac before meals
AC joint acromioclavicular joint
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
Add or add adduction
ADL activities of daily living
ad lib at discretion
adm admission, admitted
AE above elbow
AFO ankle foot orthosis
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIIS anterior inferior iliac spine
AJ ankle jerk
AK above knee
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
a.m. morning
AMA against medical advice
amb ambulation, ambulating, ambulated, ambulate, ambulates
ANS autonomic nervous system
ant anterior
AP anterior-posterior
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
AROM active range of motion
ASA aspirin
ASAP or asap as soon as possible
ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASIS anterior superior iliac spine
assist. assistance, assistive
AVM arteriovenous malformation
B/S bedside
BBB bundle branch block
BE below elbow
BID or bid twice a day
bilat. or B bilateral, bilaterally
BK below knee
BM bowel movement
BOS base of support
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
BR bedrest
BRP bathroom privileges
BS breath sounds or bowel sounds
BUN blood urea nitrogen (blood test)
C centigrade
C&S culture and sensitivity
c/o complains of
CA cancer, carcinoma
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cal calories
CAT computerized axial tomography
CBC complete blood cell (count)
CC, C/C chief complaint
CF cystic fibrosis
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
CO cardiac output
CO2 carbon dioxide
cont. continue
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COTA certified occupational therapy assistant
CP cerebral palsy
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF chronic renal failure
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CV cardiovascular
CWI crutch walking instructions
CXR chest x-ray
Cysto cystoscopic examination
D/C discontinued or discharged
dept. department
DIP distal interphalangeal (joint)
DJD degenerative joint disease
DM diabetes mellitus
DNR do not resuscitate
DO doctor of osteopathy
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DTR deep tendon reflex
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
ECF extended care facility
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
ED emergency department
EED electroencephalogram
EENT ear, eyes, nose, throat
EMG electromyogram, electromyography
E.R. emergency room
eval. evaluation
ext. extension
FBS fasting blood sugar
FEV forced expiratory volume
FH family history
flex flexion
FRC functional residual capacity
ft. foot, feet (the measurement, not the body part)
FUO fever of unknown origin
FVC forced vital capacity
FWB full weight bearing
fx fracture
GB gallbladder
GI gastrointestinal
g gram
GSW gunshot wound
GYN gynecology
h, hr. hour
H&H, H/H hematocrit and hemoglobin
H&P history and physical
h/o history of
HA, H/A headache
Hb, Hgb hemoglobin
Hct hematocrit
HCVD hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HEENT head, ear, eyes, nose, throat
HEP home exercise program
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
HOB head of bed
HR heart rate
hs at bedtime
ht. height
Ht hematocrit
Htn or HTN hypertension
Hx history
I&O intake and output
IADL instrumental activities of daily living
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular
imp. impression
in. inches
indep independent
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
inf inferior
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
IS incentive spirometry
IV intravenous
KAFO knee-ankle-foot-orthosis
kcal kilocalories
kg kilogram
KJ knee jerk
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
L or l. liter
L left
lat lateral
lb. pound
LBBB left bundle branch block
LBP low back pain
LE lower extremity
LOC loss of consciousness, level of consciousness
LMN lower motor neuron
LOS length of stay
LP lumbar puncture
m meter
MAP mean arterial pressure
max maximal
MD medical doctor; doctor of medicine
MED minimal erythemal dose
Meds. medications
mg milligram
MI myocardial infarction
min minimal
min. minute
ml milliliter
mm millimeter
MMT manual muscle test
mo. month
mod moderate
MP, MEP metacarpophalangeal
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MVA motor vehicle accident
NDT neurodevelopmental treatment
neg. negative
NG or ng nasogastric
N.H. nursing home
NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
nn nerve
noc night, at night
NPO or npo nothing by mouth
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NWB non-weight bearing
O: objective
OA osteoarthritis
OB obstetrics
OBS organic brain syndrome
od once daily
OOB out of bed
O.P. outpatient
O.R. operating room
ORIF open reduction, internal fixation
OT occupational therapy, occupational therapist
OTR occupational therapist (used to follow official signature of the occupational therapist)
oz. ounce
P poor
P: plan, intervention plan, plan of care
P.A. physician's assistant
PA posterior/anterior
para paraplegia
pc after meals
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
PE pulmonary embolus
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure
per by/through
p.o. by mouth
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light, and accommodation
P.H. past history
p.m. afternoon
PMH past medical history
PNF proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
PNI peripheral nerve injury
POMR problem-oriented medical record
pos. positive
poss possible
post posterior
post-op after surgery (operation)
PRE progressive-resistive exercise
pre-op before surgery (operation)
prn whenever necessary, as often as necessary
PROM passive range of motion
PSIS posterior-superior iliac spine
PT physical therapy, physical therapist (used after therapist's signature)
PT/PTT prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time
Pt., pt. patient
PTA physical therapist assistant
PTA prior to admission
PTB patellar tendon bearing
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PWB partial weight bearing
q every
qid four times a day
qh every hour
qn every night
qt. quart
R right
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBBB right bundle branch block
RBC red blood cell (count)
R.D. registered dietician
re: regarding
rehab rehabilitation
reps repetitions
resp respiratory, respiration
RN registered nurse
R/O or r/o rule out
ROM range of motion
ROS review of systems
RR respiratory rate
RROM resistive range of motion
RT respiratory therapist, respiratory therapy
Rx intervention plan, prescription, therapy
SACH solid ankle cushion heel
SCI spinal cord injury
SC joint sternoclavicular joint
sec. seconds
SED suberythemal dose
sig directions for use, give as follows, let it be labeled
SI(J) sacroiliac (joint)
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SLP speech-language pathologist
SLR straight leg raise
SNF skilled nursing facility
SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SOB shortness of breath
S/P status post (e.g., "S/P hip fx" means "Pt. fx her hip in the recent past.")
spec specimen
stat. immediately, at once
sup superior
Sx symptoms
tab tablet
TB tuberculosis
TBI traumatic brain injury
tbsp. tablespoon
TENS, TNS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator/stimulation
THA total hip arthroplasty
ther ex therapeutic exercise
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid three times daily
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TM(J) temporomandibular (joint)
TNR tonic neck reflex (also ATNR, STNR)
t.o. telephone order
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
tsp. teaspoon
TUR/TURP transurethral resection
Tx traction
TV tidal volume
UA urine analysis
UE upper extremity
UMN upper motor neuron
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultrasound
UTI urinary tract infection
UV ultraviolet
VC vital capacity
VD venereal disease
v.o. or VO verbal orders (e.g., v.o. Dr. Smith/assistant's signature)
vol. volume
v.s. vital signs
w/c wheelchair
W/cm2 watts per square centimeter
WBC white blood cell (count)
wk. week
WNL within normal limits
wt. weight
× number of times performed (e.g., ×2 is twice; ×3 is 3 times)
y/o or y.o. years old
yd. yard
yr. year
+1 (+2, etc.) assistance (assistance of 1 person given; also written "assistance of 1." Examples: amb ... c[with a line over it] min + 1 assist., or amb ... c[with a line over it]+1 min assist., or amb ... c[with a line over it] min assist. of 1)
female
male
down, downward, decrease, diminished
up, upward, increase, augmented
// parallel or parallel bars (also written "// bars")
ā before
c[with a line over it] with
s[with a line over it] without
p[with a line over it] after
~ or [double squiggles] approximately
Δ change
= equal
+ or (+) plus, positive (positive also abbreviated "pos.")
- or (-) minus, negative (negative also abbreviated "neg.")
# number (#1 = number 1), pounds (5# wt. = 5 pound weight; pound also abbreviated "lbs.")
/ per
% percent
+, &, et. and
[two-directional arrow] to and from
[arrow pointing to the right] to progressing toward, approaching
primary
secondary, secondary to
Created by: ejschilz