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second geo. vocab.

Western Hemisphere Vocabulary Quiz #2

arid having little or no rain; too dry or barren to support vegetation (plant life)
biome a major type of ecological community
equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing earth into northern and southern hemispheres and is the parallel of zero degrees latitude
Prime Meridian the line of longitude from the South Pole to the North Pole measured in degrees. It divides Earth into eastern and western hemispheres
mouth of river the place where the river empties into another body of water
source of river the place from which the water in the river or stream originates
island an area of land surrounded by water and smaller than a continent
prairie a large open area of grassland, esp. in the Mississippi River valley
province an administrative district or division of a country
Arctic of or relating to the regions around the North Pole
boundary a line that marks the limits of an area; a dividing line
canal an artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water to irrigation
cardinal directions north, south, east and west.
intermediate directions directions between the cardinal directions: northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest.
grasslands flat or rolling areas of lands covered with grasses. If located in North America, they are called prairies. In South America they are called pampas.
valley a low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.
tributary a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake.
marsh an area of soft wet land usually overgrown by grasses.
delta a low, watery land formed at the mouth of a river. It is formed from the silt, sand and small rocks that slow downstream in the river and are deposited in the delta. It is often(but not always) shaped like a triange.
desert an area with less then ten inches of rain per year and a rocky, sandy surface.
isthmus a narrow strip of land connecting two larger landmasses. It has water on two sides.
plateau high, flat land.
peninsula a piece of land nearly surrounded by wated or sticking out into the water.
bodies of water all the different sizes and shapes of water naturally found on the Earth's surface. Oceans, seas, bays, lakes, rivers, and pnds are examples.
resources things people can use, such as oil, lumber, and water that come frosm nature.
adapt to change in order to fit new condition.
elevation height above a given level, esp. sea level.
Hempisphere part of the globe or half of Earth.
natural environment the physical setting of a place including the land, air, water, plants, and animals.
precipitation rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground.
rainfall the quantity of rain falling within a given area in a given time.
altitude the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level.
degrees the unit of measurement used for lines of latitude and longitude.
grid system the pattern of lines that help locate places on a map or globe; for example, latitude and longitude.
location a particular place or position
map title the heading of the map that tells what the map shows.
population growth the increase in the number of people living in a place due to migration, immigration and/or births.
settlement the arrangement of places where people live, including rural and urban centers.
Created by: Adamsthornell