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Geography Vocabulary

Relative Location Identify a place by its importance or convenience in relation to other places
Absolute Location Exact geographic location as indicated by degrees of longitude and latitude
Intermediate Directions Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest
Cardinal Directions North, South, East, West
Legend Key that explains symbols on a map
Equator The imaginary line that encircles the center of the globe, zero degrees latitude
Longitude Another name for meridians, Lines of longitude are measured east of west from Prime Meridian.
Prime Meridian Zero degrees longitude. It runs through western Europe and west Africa.
Meridians Imaginary Lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole.
Latitude Another name for parallels. Lines of latitude are measured north or south from the equator.
Parallels Imaginary lines that go around the globe from east to west.
Climate A pattern of weather that occurs over a long time.
Weather The daily condition of the air around and above us.
Tributary A stream or small river that flows into a larger river.
Mouth The point at which a river's waters empty into a larger body of water.
Source The place where a river begins, usually in highlands (mountains).
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two larger pieces of land.
Strait A narrow strip of land that connects two larger bodies of water.
Peninsula A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Gulf A part of a ocean or sea that extends into land. Larger than a bay.
Delta Soil deposited at the mouth of a river.
Coast Land along the ocean or sea.
Cape a point of land that extends into the ocean, sea or lake.
Canyon a narrow valley with high, steep sides.
Bay Part of a body of water that extends into the land. Smaller than a gulf.
Archipelago a group of islands
Elevations The height above the sea.
Landforms a surface features of the earth, major ones are mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains.
Created by: jchavez