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PSY100 Chapter 5

Decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. Habituation
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts. Formal operational stage
Our ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood Fluid intelligence
The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth Fetus
Physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
For some people in modern cultures, a period in the late teens to early twenties, bridging the gap between adolescent dependence and full independence and responsible adulthood. Emerging Adulthood
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month Embryo
In Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view. Egocentrism
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span. Developmental Psychology
Our accumulated knowledge and verbal skills, tend to increase with age. Crystallized intelligence
A study in which people of different ages are compared with one another. Cross-sectional study
AN optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development. Critical Period
The principle that properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects. Conservation
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events. Concrete Operational Stage
All mental activities associates with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. Cognition
According to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trust worthy Basic Trust
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind Autism
An emotional tie with another person Attachment
Interpreting our new experience in terms of our existing schemas Assimilation
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence Adolescence
Adapting our current understandings to incorporate new information Accommodation
The fertilized egg Zygote
people's ideas about their own and the others' mental states Theory of mind
agents that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm teratogens
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display Stranger anxiety
The "we" aspect of our self-concept social identity
The culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement Social clock
In Piaget's experiment, the stage during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities sensorimotor stage
Our understanding and evaluation of who we are self-concept
nonreproductive sexual characteristics secondary sex characteristics
A concept or framework that organizes and interpret information schema
The period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing puberty
the body structures that make reproduction possible primary sex characteristics
In Piaget's theory, the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operation of concrete logic preoperational
The awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived object permanence
the time of natural cessation of menstruation menopause
the first menstrual period menarche
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience maturation
research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period longitudinal study
In Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships intimacy
the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life imprinting
our sense of self identity
Created by: Kelsee