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History and Approach

Psychology Myers Prologue

QuestionAnswer
Empiricism The view that knowledge comes from experience via the senses and science flourishes through observation and experiment
Structuralism an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind.
Functionalism a school of psychology that focued on how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Psychology The science of behavior and mental processes.
Nature-nurture issue The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experiences make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
Natural Selection The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contibuting to reproductionand survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Basic Research Pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
Applied Research Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
Clinical Psychology a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
Psychiatry a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy.
Created by: megantay13