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TK Design Process

TK 1.2 Design Related Vocab

Aesthetics Pleasing in appearance.
Annotate A sketch on which notes are made to provide further information.
Brainstorming A method of shared problem solving in which all members of a group spontaneously, and in an unrestrained discussion, generate ideas.
Constraints A limit to the design process. Constraints may be such things as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities.
Consumer A person or household that purchases goods or services.
Criteria Desired specifications, elements or features, of a product or system.
Decision Matrix A tool for systematically ranking alternatives according to a set of criteria.
Design An interactive decision-making process that produces plans by which resources are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems.
Design Brief A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.
Design Elements The factors (e.g., line, color, light, shadow, space, texture) that define a product and take into account the aesthetics and function of the product.
Design Process A systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to a problem or to satisfy human needs and wants and winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice.
Designer A person who designs any of a variety of things.
Dimension A measure in one direction.
Engineer A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
Ergonomics The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently.
Evaluate To form an idea of the amount or value of; assess.
Experimentation The act of trying out a new procedure, idea, or activity.
Exponentially Extremely rapid increase.
Investigate To observe or study by close examination and systematic inquiry.
Model A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original. A model is often used to test ideas, make changes to a design, & to learn more about what would happen to a similar, real object
Modify Change to ensure accuracy.
Optimize An act, process, or methodology used to make a design or system as effective or functional as possible within the given criteria and constraints.
Problem Solving The process of understanding a problem, devising a plan, carrying out the plan, and evaluating the plan in order to solve a problem or meet a need or want.
Process Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; a sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output.
Prototype A full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments.
Requirements The parameters placed on the development of a product or system. Such as: safety needs, the physical laws that will limit the development of an idea, the available resources, the cultural norms, and the use of criteria and constraints.
Research Systematic, scientific, documented study.
Specification A detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Testing A method for collecting data.
Texture The feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface, substance, or fabric.
Trade-off An exchange of one thing in return for another; especially relinquishment of one benefit or advantage for another regarded as more desirable.
Visualization Formation of mental visual images.
Created by: ThelmaK