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Nervous System Drugs

SJVC Vet Tech (Nervous system drugs)

3 Types of neurons Sensory, associative, motor
Seizures can be caused by drugs toxins, microorganisms, trauma, metobolic & idopathic factors
What are seizures Altered brain function
Epilepticus Seizure lasting more than 5 minutes
Anticonvulsants drugs used to treat recurrent seizures
Phenobaribal CIV- long lasting
Pentobarbital CIII- short acting (used for euthanasia)
Diazepam CIV- Long acting, stops seizures in process
Tranquilizers used to calm and reduce anxiety or aggression
Phenothiazine Sedates and calms
Benzodiazepines CIV- anticonvulsant, antianxiety, &muscle relaxer
Aplha 2 agonists (anesthetics) Good sedations, some analgesia & muscle relaxer, Is REVERSABLE
Anesthetics cause profound bradycardia & lowered BP
Analgesics Pain relievers
NSAID (non-narcotic analgesics) Carprofen, Deracoxib, Meloxicam
Narcotic (analgesics) Opium, morphine, hydromorphine, butorphanol
Opiates Diphenoxylate, apomorphine - CV
Neuroleptanalgesia combination of sedative and opiate that causes conscious sedation
Anesthetics cause a loss of sensation to a localized area of the body for 2-6 hours
If it ends in "caine" it's an anesthetic (lidocaine)
not used in sight hounds barbiturates
Thiopental is IV only, causes stinging and tissue death when given outside the vein
Dissociatives works by overstimulating CNS (PCP)
Nitrous oxide used on combo with other inhalents. must use oxygen due to risk of diffusion hypoxia
Stimulants doxapram, theophylline, aminophylline
parasympathomimetics bethanechol, metoclopramide (never give w/intestinal blockage), pilocarpine
sympathomimetics atropine, glycopyrrolate- preanesthetic
adrenergic blocking agents prazosin, phenoxybenzamine
beta blockers propanolol
Created by: 690265222



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