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ELLIST#71

KEY TERMS CH 8 - PARENTERALS

TERMDEFINITION
What are parenteral solutions? solutions that are administered to any organ outside of the alimentary tract
What is an admixture? the solution made when a drug is added to a parenteral solution
What are IV fat emulsions? emulsions that supply essential fatty acids
What are peritoneal dialysis solutions? solutions used by patients who do not have functioning kidneys
What is a laminar flow hood? a hood that provides continuous movement of air at a uniform rate in one direction
What are biological safety cabinets? cabinets used when preparing hazardous drugs to prevent contamination
What are aseptic techniques? techniques used to maintain sterile products
What is the rule for choosing a syringe size? the size of the syringe must be larger than the volume that will be measured
How are needles sized? needle sizes are indicated by length and gauge; the higher the gauge number, the smaller the lumen
What are filters used for? filters are used to remove particles from solutions
What is flow rate? the rate at which a solution is administered to a patient
What are piggybacks? small parental volumes that are added to larger ones
What are pyrogens? substances that can cause fever
What is a Flashball? flexible rubber tubing at the end of a needle on an administration set that is used to determine if a needle is properly placed
What does it mean to be isotonic? when solutions have the same osmolarities
What does it mean to be hypertonic? when a solution has a greater osmolarity than another
What does it mean to be hypotonic? when a solution has a lesser osmolarity than another
What is chemical complexation? when two drugs combine to form a new chemical
What does lyophilized mean? freeze-dried
What is a diluent? a liquid that dilutes a substance
What are ready-to-mix systems? specially designed minibags where a drug is put into an SVP just before administration
What is a bevel? an angled surface
What is a gauge? how needles are measured: the higher the gauge, the thinner the lumen
What is a lumen? the hollow center of a needle
What is coring? when a needle damages the rubber closure of a parenteral container
What is a membrane filter? a filter that attaches to a syringe
What is a depth filter? a filter that is placed inside a needle hub
What is a final filter? a filter that filters a solution immediately before it enters a patient's vein
What is a laminar flow? continuous movement at a stable rate in one direction
What is a HEPA filter? a high efficiency particulate air filter
What is an irrigation solution? a large splash solution used during surgery to bathe and moisten body tissue
What is an ampule? a sealed glass container with an elongated neck that must be snapped off
What are sharps? needles and any items that might puncture or cut the skin
What is an additive? a drug that is added to a parenteral solution
What is RCRA? the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act that regulates the handling of hazardous waste
What is the valence? the number of positive or negative charges on an ion
What are LVP solutions? large volume parenteral solutions (100ml or more)
What are SVP solutions? pre-packaged products of small volume parenteral solutions
What are TPN solutions? total parenteral nutrition solutions with amino acids, dextrose, fat, protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements
What is a TNA solution? an IV solution with amino acids, dextrose, fat emulsion, and additional micronutrients
What is dialysis? the movement of particles in a solution through permeable membranes
What are the two basic groups of filters? depth filters and membrane filters
Created by: pharmtechteach
 

 



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